Yanardag is a small mountain (or more likely a hill) on Apsheron peninsular, 25 km away from Baku, Azerbaijan. The word “yanardag” literally means “a burning mountain”, and it does burn – tongues of flame emerge here and there, on the earth and stones of the mountain.
The mountain is burning in snow, rain or strong wind because of combustible natural gas coming out of its depths through the thin, porous sandstone layers. In old times there were many places like this on Apsheron.
Three tongues of flames are depicted on the municipal arms of Baku. The territory of Apsheron peninsular used to be one of the zarathustrian centers in ancient times. It’s still a popular pilgrimage destination for fire-worshippers from India and Iran – all because of these “eternal flames”.