Though it is not the biggest city in the region, Salekhard still became an administrative center of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous district of Russia. It is the only city in the world situated on the polar circle. The climate here is really severe, sub-freezing temperatures are kept until mid of May. The story of Salekhard began as a of a Cossack fortress in 1595. It obtained its current name in 1933.