After USSR collapse Russia lost eleven tram systems in its cities. Before trams were state sponsored, now mostly commercial vehicles. Here are some of those we don’t have any more.
First tram railway system was stopped in 1994 in Karpinsk city. It was first case for ex-USSR.
And three weeks later Grozny (Chechnya capital) trams were stopped because of First Chechen War.
Chechnya Grozny trams were started in 1932 to comemmorate 15 years of Revolution. It had 9 lines on its peak. But was lost in 1994.
This photo shows trams hit with bullets during Grozny battles. Tram station was a battleground many trams burned down in fires.
Photo from 1996 – someone built fence of tram parts.
In Shakhty city trams lines were closed because of demand of local road police. It also was there from 1932, stayed up to 2001.
In 2004 closed tram lines in Arkhangelsk city. It was the Northernmost tram line in the world. During first world war they used to transport military goods to White Sea shores.
Here engineers in 1916.
Arkhangelsk tram five years after it was closed.
In 2007 Astrakhan city trams stopped work.
It started in 1900.
In 2008 Ivanovo city trams stopped. Worked since 1934.
Ivanovo in 1970s.
One of the last trams went from Ivanovo to Dzerzhinsk town (where it will be closed too a few years later).
In 2009 Voronezh – large 1,000,000 people city stopped its tram system.
Tram line was there since 1913.
Some trams were used as cafe-bar.
Current city plan wants to build new light rail system in Voronezh partly based on old tram rails.
Ryazan city closed its line in 2010. It was a short line connecting oil refinery and city. Still got bankrupt and closed down.
2013 – Noginsk town near Moscow shuts trams.
They had a referendum asking people if they want preserve tram, most population said “no”.
In 2014 Crimea closed tram lines. It was shortest tram line in USSR was opened in 1989 to bring people from resorts to Black Sea.
Was free in USSR to go from resort to the shore.
“I am old grand dad tram don’t crowd into me or I break down”.
And last one was Dzerzhinsk city in 2015. It had tram system since 1933. Tram traffic remain active during World War 2 under bombings.
But in 2015 (maybe because of small bus transportation lobby) lines stopped.
An investor interested in resuming line here but no certainty yet.
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