Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

After the October Revolution and Russian Empire collapse there was a serious problem of street kids in Soviet Russia. It was estimated that there was as much as six million homeless kids in 1921 whose parents were killed, died from hunger, sent away in prisons, or fled the country. Here are some photos from that period.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

The homeless kids moved around the country by climbing empty train cars. The youngest kids were as small as five years old.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

All of them tried to survived, learned how to steal from street sellers and from markets, how to gamble, how to beg for spare change or food.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

Some kids had travelled with their pets.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

When they were caught by police they were usually sent to study in schools but a lot of kids ran away from the schools as they already got used to freedom.

 

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

Soviet authorities tried to solve this problem by creating foster cares all over the country.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

They were given there free meals and clothes.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

Also received medical help and got their health checked.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

Some of the kids literary never washed before arriving to the childcare. They had no parents so nobody told them they had to wash their hands or face or hair.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

And most of these homes had radios for entertainment. Also as you notice many of them were smoking.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

They could have pets in the foster homes.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

But also were forced to study as most of them couldn’t read or write.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

And also were taught some basic trades, like a shoe repair.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

But nevertheless a lot of them still ran away from foster homes and started wander on streets again, later often forming grown-up gangs.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

During that times there was a famine in Russia because of the war and a severe drought. It killed over 5 million people. So many little ones came to foster care without even remembering their parents who died because of hunger.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

So there were kids of different age affected by this situation in the country.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

The ex-street boys march with mottos calling to end the homeless children situation in the country.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

In some cities there were installed mobile points to give away food when possible to the street kids.

Rare Photos of Homeless Street kids in Russia in 1920s-1930s

There are some books written and movies made on this period of Russian history. Some of them translated in English and if you got interested in the topic you might take a look.

 

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