Since we are doing “Cosmonautics Day” today, here is another posting. Here is a set of Soviet postcards showing all Soviet cosmonauts. Each postcard has a photo of a cosmonaut and his small story. Let’s see, nice set.
Of course first one is Yuri Gagarin.
Pavel Belyaev. Went to space in 1965 on Vostok-2 rocket, Gagarin was on Vostok-1 in 1961.
Volkov Vladislav. You see those golden star medals they have? Those were called “Hero of USSR” medals. Usually it was a rule that for each flight into space they were awarded one such medal. Volkov died during landing and was awarded “Hero” post mortem.
Petr Klimuk. So we can assume Petr was twice in space, as he has two those golden stars, hower Petr was three times in space. Probably they stopped giving stars if you fly more than two times.
Makarov Oleg. Has no medals on display, but c_ says: “twice hero of USSR” . Was three time in space actually. First time ever travelled on three-seat Soyuz-T ship.
Kubasov Valeri. Was three times in space. Participate in Soyuz-Appolo (USSR/USA) space mission.
Volnov Boris. We see two stars. He was twice in space. Collected much info about atmosphere of Earth.
Shatalov Vladimir. Two stars. Was three times in space. Was first to connect two Soviet Soyuz spaceship in open space, thus forming first space station ever.
Alexei Leonov. Legendary, two times in space and he was the first man in the world to go into open space in his space suit.
Anatoli Philipchenko. Two times in space. Participated in preparing Soyuz ships for connecting with Apollo.
Vladimir Komarov. Was twice in space. Died during landing of his second flight.
Andrian Nikolarv. Made two flights. Set also two space records: his first flight was in Vostok-3 and it became first in the world multi-day group space flight. Then in 1970 on Soyuz-9 ship he set a record of most long Soyuz autonomous flight – they piloted Soyuz in space for eighteen days.
Pavel Popovich also twice hero of USSR. Was twice in space. He also participated in Vostok-3 flight – the first few day flight of a space ship in 1962.
Valeri Bikovski. Was three time in space. Third flight he was together with East German cosmanaut.
Georgi Beregovoi. He was first to pilot complex maneuvers on Soyuz-3 in 1968 and approached non-piloted ship Soyuz-2 in space.
Georgi Dobrovolski, was once in space. He was first to connect his Soyuz ship with first in the world orbital space station Salut. He entered the station and checked everything is fine, then returned to his Soyuz ship and headed to Earth. Died during landing.
Lev Demin, was once in space, was first crew to land at night.
One star – Leonid Kizim. Once in space. Worked on Salyut station, tried to get data for building more serious stations like MIR and ISS.
Vladimir Dzhanibekov. Was twice in space. He was in a first ever crew which connected three spaceships in space. It were two SOYUZ ships and one Salyut station.
German Titov. Cosmonaut #2 in Soviet space program, was a back up option for Gagarin – if something went wrong he had to go instead of him. However Gagarin flied fine and then a few months later German went to space on Vostok-2 rocket. Gagarin made just one circle around the Earth, and German made 17 circles and stayed over one day on the orbit, same year 1961. However all glory went to the first man in space.
Valeri Rumin (two stars). Went three times to space. Spent 185 days in space during his third flight.
Viktor Savinyh (1 star). Went to space with a Mongol and Romanian astronauts.
Genadi Strekalov. Was once in space, stayed on the Salyut station.
Genadi Sarafanov. Once in space, he was also a part of team who landed at night for the first time ever.
One star: Vitalii Zholobov. Once in space, participated in a long term space staying program research.
One star: Valentina Tereshkova. First woman in space. Enough said!
One star: Yuri Malishev. Once in space, was a part of a team who first flied Soyuz-T ship.
Vladimir Lyahov, one star. Participated in assembling first Soviet radio telescope in space.
One star: Yuri Glazkov, once in space, tested a system that made an artificial atmosphere inside of orbital station.
One star: Alexandr Ivanchenkov. Once in space, stayed pretty long: during his space visit a couple of other space expiditions have visited them.
One star: Viacheslav Zudov. Once in space. Wanted to connect with Salyut station but something failed and they got back to Earth without visiting station and staying in space. What a pity for him probably.
Valentin Lebedev, one star. Once in space. Participated in ultra-violet research in space.
Yuri Artyuhin, one star. Was once in space. Spent time on Salyut-3 space station.
Evgeny Khrunov. He also was in a crew when Soyuz-4 and Soyuz-5 ships were connected thus forming first space station in the world. He arrived on Soyuz-5, but landed on Soyuz-4.
Alexei Gubarev. Was twice in space. His second flight was first international space expidition – Soviet cosmonauts were with Czech Republic (Czechoslovakia) cosmonaut.
Legendary Soviet cosmonaut Georgi Grechko. Spent a lot days in space during his two flights.
Yuri Romanenko, was twice in space, second time together with a Cuban cosmonaut.
Two stars: Vladimir Kovalenok. Was three times in space!
Nikolai Rukavishnikov. Was three times in space. Third time with a Bulgarian cosmonaut.
Viktor Gorbatko. Was three times in space, third time travelled with a cosmonaut from… Vietnam!
Vitali Sevastianov. Was during the longest Soyuz trip in space.
Two stars: Alexei Eliseev. Was three times in space. Was once participating in a group flight of three Soyuz ships!
Georgi Shonin. Was first welder in space. Yes, they tried to weld metals one to another in space!
Leonid Popov. Was twice in space, second time with a Romanian cosmonaut.
Vladimir Aksenov. Was twice in space, was trying to made very wide photos of Russian and German territory from space using the camera invented by joint Russian-German group.
Konstantin Feoktistov. Went once in space in first-ever multi-crew ship. First pilots – Gagarin and Titov went alone, and those went together for the first time.
One star: Boris Egorov. Also once in space and he also was a member of that multi-people crew first in space, he went as a doctor to help other cosmonauts if something wil go wrong.
Viktor Patsav, one star. He was in a first ever orbital station Salyut first crew. Died during landing. Pity.
Valeri Rozhdestvenski, was also once in space. Also, was on board of the mission that failed to connect with orbital station and had to go back to Earth. Never flied again.
Vasili Lazarev. Went once to space. Participated in testing of the space suits in space.
And that’s it! Hope you liked seeing the photos of Soviet cosmonauts and reading their short stories. The date those postcards were issued is 1982, so some of those brave men had more flights ahead of them.