Turn came to Balaklava, it is a village in the outskirts of Sevastopol on the shore of the picturesque bay of the same name. For a long time this town wasn’t on the maps of the Crimea, and all because of the fact that secret facility under the code “825 GTK” was here. We’ll talk about it. Object 825 GTS – it is a complex of underground structures for shelter and repair of submarines. In Soviet times there was a possibility to combine the seemingly incompatible, underground complexes and submarines.
For reading and understanding convenience, I will place a scheme of this object; a red dotted line is a tour route. In 1954 this secret project was developed, and in 1961 the building was completed. The length of internal navigable canal was 600 meters, and inside there is a 100 meter dry dock for repair of small and medium diesel submarines. Also, the complex includes all the necessary operating and support units required for the repair and maintenance of autonomous submarines.
Outside the facility is only spit out by a northern entrance portal and the south portal from on the opposite side of the cliff. But in Soviet times, it was carefully masked. (Entrance is in the center of the frame)
Along the mountain goes road so that submarine can go into the base, there is also a pontoon drawbridge. If necessary, it was flooded and discharged in the direction of opening to the entrance to the channel. The picture was taken from this bridge. In front of us there is a northern entrance, it was also closed by the southern multi-ton gates, isolating an object from external influences.
Behind the secret portal fishermen go fishing.
The first hall is with the entrance portal, on the wall there is a scheme of underground constructions of Sevastopol. The city is packed with various military infrastructure.
Work was carried out with blasthole-explosive method, then a wooden formwork was installed, fittings were laid and M300 concrete was poured. The wall thickness is 1.5 to 3 meters.
Safety gate to the torpedo part.
Photo of Balaklava in the 70s.
Tunnel from the torpedo parts to the dock platform.
They went on dock platform. In front of us there is a dry dock.
The layout of the submarine.
The main channel of the complex, at the same time it could accommodate up to 7 submarines. At the end of the tunnel there is the light of the north entrance.
View on the main channel in the direction to the southern entrance. On the right there is a dock platform, along the canal placed the battery, welding and metalwork areas and warehouses.
One of the exhibits – midget submarine “Triton – 1M”.
The crew consists of two people, intended for shipping of latent sea intelligence and sabotage groups.
Artifact. With syrup 3 kopecks., without syrup 1 cop.
There are tours to the project on boats, but my advice to those who would be there, to go to the regular tour, because on the boat you won’t see anything except the main channel. After the boat there can be seen a double-throw bridge, to go from one side of the channel to the other.
As we crossed the bridge, we move further to the opposite “shore” of the channel …
Here is the entrance to the dry dock, located parallel to the main channel.
The door to the “nuclear cellar”, a complex is protected from a direct hit of a nuclear warhead with capacity up to 100 kilotons.
The engine and gearbox of door opening drive.
Local area of object 820 RTB (nuclear arsenal), on the right is the entry to the storage of nuclear and thermonuclear weapons; on the left is the shop of routine maintenance of nuclear munitions.
Cabinet-safe for storage of control isotopes needed for inspection and assembly of special products.
In the special products assembly shop, there is a small exhibition about the history of the submarine fleet.
Fragment of submarine’s post.
The developed system of rail tracks. Just beyond the rocket there is the entrance gate to the warehouse of nuclear warheads.
We are moving towards the exit from the arsenal.
In the complex there was a complex system of autonomous existence, and in the “nuclear arsenal” there was also a rigorous climate. To make it easier, in addition to the huge entrance gate, there were special workaround entrances and exits for the staff. On the photo there is one of these doors.
In front of us there is entrance and exit into a nuclear arsenal, during the operation of the facility, it was used as a house. The frame of the structure could be seen over the gate.
In the courtyard there are the future museum exhibits. The museum was created recently and the exhibition is in the formative stage. As for the object, in the early 90s it was abandoned and was not guarded. During the years of “stagnation” it was completely looted, there were only bare walls, and part of the gate, which due to their weight and size were too tough for looters.
We go to the waterfront.
Where we once again are covered with the hot spa vanity.
Thank you for attention.