Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

Zehnovo village is one of the most ancient settlements of kenozerskih and its history begins in the 16th century, when, according to one legend, the first inhabitant named Zeh settled here. Presumably, it was someone from the first Christians arrived at Kenozero during the existence of the Kenoreckyi waterway that connected Lake Onega with river Onega using which Orthodox people from Novgorod came to these lands.

Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

Today in Zehnovo there are six residential courtyards, while by today’s standards, the village is considered to be the largest Zaozernoe settlement. There are not many remaining residents. No schools, no shops, nothing. Only alcohol and patriotic flags.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

The main attraction of the village is the chapel of St. John the Evangelist. Then we head in the direction of the forest on the road to the village Spicyno.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

After a while, the road divides into two ones, and the place of branching there is a worship cross and a two-century very thick pine. This place is considered to be sacred. The cross is, of course, fresh but earlier there was another one, more ancient. In General, at Kenozere near almost every village you can see the devotional cross or chapel. There, beyond their village, locals prayed, blessed themselves to day work, protecting themselves from disease, as well as from meetings with wild animals and snakes.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

We take the right to the Nameless Creek and then, finally, we find it – Zehnovskaya flour mill. Once in the village there were two mills but only that one survived until our days. Residents of the village built it themselves in the late 19th century.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

To operate, the mill needed a powerful stream of water, so people had dug a canal which length is 390 meters. To control the flow of water, there was built a gate, so-called shutter.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

Opening and closing the appropriate “gateways” shutter, people could send a flow of water from a stream either to operate mills, or to withdraw to the side.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

And we, of course, run the stream to the side of the mill on the water-supply tray!

Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

The mill is a timber frame divided into two parts. In the lower room there is located the so-called “wet” wheel on which water has already begun to pour.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

A “wet” wheel through a shaft transmits the rotation to “dry” wheel with teeth, which, in turn, drives the fore-end with the bobbin.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

This part of the mill, so to speak, in dynamics.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

Forearm transfers torque directly to the millstone, in the upper room, where the mill with a hopper mechanism with a tank for filling grain. Here, visitors are greeted by a wooden sculpture of “Kuhar” (so called miller in Kenozerye), archival photographs of the villagers, illustrating the basic agricultural tradition, and other infographics concerning working watermills.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

Flour-grinding mechanism consists of the lower mill and the upper mill (“vershnik”), which set in motion by a metal shaft through a forged “zhabka” embedded in the lower central part of the upper millstone.  The hole in the lower millstone, passes through a metal shaft to the upper millstone, was called “kurzhevina”. Above the upper millstone there fortified a dugout usually made of aspen named “kurushka” – a small funnel with a neck directed into the hole in the center of the upper millstone. “Kurushka” was suspended to the frame on which one install the box. On the upper surface of “vershnik”, one possessed “runner” – a wooden stick. When the upper millstone was turning, the “runner” periodically struck by “kurushka” and grains uniformly flowed on the millstone.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

Well, and then the flour already sifted into a special bin, from which it was poured into bags with special shovel. According to the recollections of local residents, at the beginning of the 20 century there was no permanent miller in the village, so each family grinded in turn.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

By the end of 1940-ies, the mill was decayed and later renovated by Interior Brigade of the collective farm “New Life”. At the end of the 70-ies of XX century, the mill in Zehnovo was abandoned. In the 2000 ‘s Pomeranian Interior specialists schools according to the federal programme “Culture of Russia” performed a comprehensive restoration. Restoration of the mill was started in year 2004, but due to problems financing the project, the work was completed only in 2008 year.Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill

Kenozerye: Zehnovskaya flour mill


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