Short introduction for those who are young and missed everything. In the perfect Soviet times there was such a thing as a registration. Now it exists too, but registration value then was much more important than it is now. There was even idiom “to get married because of the registration”! Registration was needed to live in a city, for example, in Moscow! Living in the city was much better than in the countryside – more food, entertainment, and other benefits of civilization. For example, in the city you can buy sausage or boots! But you couldn’t move from Zazhopinsk to Moscow…
– I thought I would be sent to Moscow, and I really want to see Comrade Lenin!
– And Comrade Lenin really wants to see you in your own village!
At some moment, Muscovites began to refuse to carry out menial work at numerous plants. Then the large enterprises were allowed to draw from the villages and other urbans different unskilled labor. That was actually the limit of registration, and people who came to work, called limitchik. Soon the meaning of the word has changed, and limits began to call all those who came in large numbers in search of money and fame. In fact, the Soviet limitchik – is today’s guest workers.
In the 80s, when the Soviets has already happily curled, one Moscow food combine invited workers by limit. They resettled them, as expected, in the dormitory, which was located in a former kindergarten in one of the town houses ofBudenovskoye. Budenovskiy town – is famous constructivist quarter on Bolshaya Pochtovaya street.
Usually limitchik through several years of hard work had the opportunity to obtain a separate apartment in Moscow. But in the case of food processing plants, something went wrong. Soviet collapsed, and a food plant with it was closed. Part of the plant workers were settled to the flats. The hostel also became the property of the city, and not settled workers remained to live in it.
In the bustle of the 90 inhabitants of the hostel have registered in their small rooms hundreds of dead souls. And now, more than 20 years later, no one knows what to do with them. Now there lives few families, they do not pay the rent, their houses are like uninhabited.
People want to be given a normal apartment. But why does someone has to give them an apartment?
01. First, a bit about Budenovskiy town. It was built in the late 1920s. According to one version, it was a settlement for the workers, on the other – the houses were built for the high command of the Red Army.
02. Budenovskiy town was designed by architect-constructivist Michael Motylev. Then the implementation of housing projects for workers has always rested in the financial capabilities of developers. Therefore, houses in the workers’ settlements obtained simply, without elevators, with small rooms and shared kitchens and bathrooms. Be that as it may, the experts considered that ‘The quarter is interesting for its planning structure and provides historical and
cultural value “. The town was recognized as a monument of constructivism and promised to be put in order.
03. This two-storey extension is a former kindergarten, instead it there was a hostel for workers. Its inhabitants want it’s demolition and resettlement.
04. And though the buildings themselves look shabby, but inside they are in a good condition. Here the people are waiting for the promised overhaul.
05. Balconies are slightly collapsed.
06. Annex-hostel is in a terrible state. People who live here require the demolition if not of the whole house, then at least a part of it. And about all Budenovskoye village – in 2014 the authorities conducted a poll, in which, according to the Prefecture of the Central Administrative District, 990 people voted against the demolition of the town, and 179 – for. On this basis, it was decided to make an overhaul in most of rooms.
Here we must remember that the state of housing is not the same everywhere. Those who live in the homes, did not want the demolition. But the dilapidated rotten extensions will soon fall apart.
09. The floors have rotted long ago, in order not to fall through the holes were closed with sheets of plywood or chipboard. Wooden floors – the main problem of the houses in the village. It is being discussed with the authorities since Soviet times. If not overlapping, the issue of the demolition wouldn’t have been raised. And the people are afraid that one day these houses will simply collapse. They complain that the house does not meet fire safety standards. So in 2014, after a survey of residents Commission conducted a survey of design elements and recommended to replace the wooden floors with reinforced concrete.
10. Each sheet covers the hole
12. The picture of one of daughters of limitchitsa. In many families children are already grown up.
13. By the way, the overlap has not been changed. Because the new regulations came out in 2015 in Moscow 832 and 833, in which the money for the repair of the tenants now have to be collected by residents. In addition it was found that replacement of overlap is not included in overhaul and relates to the concept of reconstruction. Thus, if the tenants wait until overhaul (it is planned for 2017-2018), then the overlap in the house will remain wooden.
14. The hostel is more like an ordinary communal. Here’s a kitchen
16. Seniors who live here, once worked at this plant: someone for 20 years, and someone even more.
17. Corridor. As you can see, children live here.
18. One of many bathrooms. It is difficult to see in the photo, but the floor fell through there. Bathroom slipped by 30-40 centimeters, we had to lay a brick.
19. The Utility Room
20. Residents can be unsettled only in the case if the house is named as emergency. That will not happen, because the apartments in the rest of the house are not in a terrible state. There is an option to make specific room emergency. Residents tried to do it through the courts, but it did not work.
21. Floors and ceilings decayed.
22. I wonder how this extension has not collapsed?
23. Coverings. This tenants are not accommodated, so no one is going to hold reconstruction, and work on the overhaul little to improve the situation.
24. Everything is rotten
25. And this is how it looks on the second floor. Holes are through, you can wave to handle neighbor below!
26. A hole in the crumbling wall was repaired
27. I find it difficult to imagine that this extension can be repaired.
28. The rooms look like this. People registered in these rooms, but they do not have accounts, so they do not pay the rent. Previously, plant subtracted the cost dormitory of the salaries of employees. But then, the building became the property of the town and collecting of a fee stopped. They can fix this housing after themselves by means of registration of social hiring, but no one is in hurry to do so. Because in this case, they will have to pay for rotten room for 15 thousand per month, plus everything they will be removed from the queue for resettlement, where they are about 20 years old.
29. According to residents, in this situation the city authorities must be blamed. Their logic is simple: when the house was in the plant property, plant settled residents to the flats. Now the house is owned by the town, therefore the city should settle the remaining families. People are willing to move anywhere. No one will be upset if he does not get an apartment in the Central District.
30. But they will be settled only when the house will be considered as emergency. And to be recognize as emergency house must began to collapse. Residents, of course, do not want to wait for this.
31. Somewhere everything is destroyed.
33. This is shower
34. There are people living
35. This is not a horror film, it is Moscow, Center, 2016.
36. That’s the story. It is not clear what to do with these people. Several dozen people stuck between the Soviet Union, with its limits and free apartments and modern Russia, where you have to collect the money yourself to repair your homes. Do you think they should give them a new apartment, or let them solve their problems?