The story of how we with a company of bloggers went on a fascinating tour to the Tula accordion factory. The factory itself is located on the outskirts of the city and occupies a large area. Let’s start with the inspection of the factory’s museum in which there are collected a lot of accordions which were issued previously and continue to be made to this day.
Bayans and accordions are a reed instruments . Harmonica could be Double-row, bayans could be even five rows, and the right-hand side of accordion has got keys. In Europe, there is a button accordion, but it can be distinguished from the bayan only by specialist in musical instruments.
At the moment, the price delta for manufactured goods at the factory starts from 5000 t.r for tiny souvenir harmonica with your logo to 420,000 for multi-timbral bayan.
In the closet there is a single-timbral accordion for children’s instrumental ensemble. Each harmonica is set to its tone and plays a specially written party.
Employee of Department of development demonstrates skills of playing and tells many interesting things. I remember that the harmonicaists did not like to go to China and other countries with a humid climate, because a few days later the board swells and the tool starts to play on the new and not always well. The five-year wood with good drying saves us from this, but now this wood is not used to manufacture tools in Russia.
Each instrument on the factory is signed by hand and has its own unique decoration and pattern.
As it can be seen from the scheme – Tula’s harmonica occupies a landmark position for all reed instruments, which are made all over the world.
Museum exhibits that are older than a hundred of years.
We were strongly interested in the question: “Is it difficult to break the bayan?” – Chief engineer said that this is unlikely, and probably for this to happen you will have to work in team. However, such tools have their weaknesses and it is it’s fur. If a fur gets wet, it soaks and needs to be changed. People quite often refer to the factory with such problems. They also deal with the restoration of the harmonica.
Vitek, the inspirer of our excursion.
As everyone knows the creator of Tula’s chromatic harmonica is N.I Beloborodov
The museum also has a concertina and harmonica of multiple vendors and release dates.
I will briefly tell and show the process of creating a learning harmonica and expensive bayan.
Typical student bayans and harmonicas are made on the flow oby experts of middle category from plywood.
Chief Technologist of Production spoke in detail about what kind of tools and instruments used in the production.
manufacture of the body of harmonia
samples of typesetting bars
every body is treated with a special lacquer to withstand moisture and mildew.
a half finished right half shell looks like this
storage of finished components
The body treatment
The body is covered with a celluloid like many years ago
special presses which cut tabs
Then we visited the high-master, who is engaged in manufacturing of enclosures for expensive concert bayans. There is already a beech and mahogany board used.
All the tools in the arsenal of the wizard are homemade! For example, these planes.
In the room of the tabs assembly there are small boxes in which tongues of different tonalities are waiting.
With a hammer and not a cunning device tabs can be set in the typical harmonica and accordions.
each busy with his business. Someone splices strips someone sharpens a button.
Master of reed instruments by deft movements and by using foot bellows checks the sound of a bar on the computer (there is a microphone in the deck) and if it is not compliance undermines the tab to the desired tone
Each tuner has his own individual room. At the end there is a room of a master, who sets up a concert bayans. Adjust by ear using a file.
Chief designer shows us a blank
The blank is mounted in the housing. It takes up to a month to make a bayan.
Sample of keys. Each harmonica consists of more than 3000 pieces
Manufacturing of furs. Metal edges are donned and kicked with mallet
Master brings to mind an accordion with a curved deck.
Vitek evaluates the work of the factory, and we leave such an interesting company!
That is all! I look forward to your feedback and suggestions!