To get to the current nuclear power plant is an unattainable dream for many.
Multi-level security system, radiation and seething crater of a nuclear reactor.
1. Smolensk NPP. Desnogorsk town.
One of the 10 operating nuclear power plants in Russia.
Nuclear power plant provides 8% of the electricity in the Central region and 80% in the Smolensk region.
And a huge building which scale can not fail to impress.
2. The construction of nuclear power plants was announced in 1973.
Multilevel access control.
At each stage of the passage in the NPP its own kind of protection. And of course, lots of special equipment.
3. Visiting NPP, first of all, it is necessary to undress.
Then put everything white and clean …
Even socks and bonnet.
5. Actually, there is no need to take them because the helmet, that is also needed to wear, is complete with noise-attenuating earphones.
6. Yes, the shoes are also individual.
8. Required item of clothing is an individual cumulative dosimeter.
Everybody has their own one which is given up at the end of the day to show the accumulated radiation dose.
9. That’s it. We’re inside.
This is the area of controlled access. Reactor is ahead.
11. Block control panel of the NPP.
This is the brain of the station.
It controls everything…
12. It ripples in the eyesbecause of the number of buttons, circuits, lights and monitors.
13. Here is a control over the rods of the reactor.
15. It manages both the reactor and the block itself and turbines of the NPP.
16. Here’s cool, quiet and peaceful.
17. A serious key called “emergency protection”.
NPP safety is above all. The whole system is so perfect that excludes impacts from the outside.
Equipment, in case of emergency, can do everything without people’s participation, but the professionals here are not in vain.
For maintenance work, the reactor can be stopped.
18. It has been working for 32 years and here has never been any state of emergency or increase the background radiation.
The level of protection of the nuclear power plant in Russia is the best in the world.
20. The professionals are discussing the possible contingencies.
22. Go upstairs.
It is possible to use an elevator or go on foot to the 8th floor using the stairs with a special anti-radiation protection.
24. And again there are several cordons of protection.
And here is the central room of the 1 unit.
There are three such rooms at Smolensk NPP.
25. The main thing here is the reactor.
It is huge and at the bottom and here you can see only its security plateau.
These metal squares are a kind of stopper with biosecurity blocking the technological channels of the reactor in which there are FA – fuel assemblies – with uranium dioxide. There are 1661 such channels.
They contain the fuel cells which secrete powerful thermal energy through nuclear reactions.
Between them there are protection rods which absorb neutrons. The nuclear reaction is controlled with their help.
27. Its task is to replace the fuel cells.
33. Inside each tube (TVEL) – small cylindrical tablets of uranium dioxide.
34. Fuel that is ready for loading into the reactor .
35. The place is certainly impressive.
But the question of radiation is constantly spinning in my head.
36. They called a specialist called dosimetrist.
The dosimeter in real time in the center of the reactor showed a value slightly higher than on the streets of Moscow.
38. Powerful circulation pumps leading a heat transfer fluid – water – to the reactor.
39. Here is the strongest hum.
Impossible to stand without headphones.
41. And again a loud noise – NPP Turbine Hall.
43. The steam extracted from the water that cools the reactor, comes here, on the turbogenerators.
45. Pipes, pumps, pressure gauges …
46. The exhaust steam is condensed in a liquid form and once again supplied to the reactor.
51. The food here is delicious.
By the way, about 4,000 employees work at the plant , and the average salary is about 60 thousand rubles per month.
52. What can I say? I’m not scared anymore.
A lot of control. Everything’s in order. Cleanliness, safety and security are everywhere.