Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

These are mainly projects of Likhachev’s plant, strangest of them that were never serially produced. Construction of army all-terrain vehicles in the USSR went much further than construction of ordinary cars. Engineers were brave enough in their ideas but they were doomed to remain in the world of fantasies.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Rear engined vehicle on chassis of ZIS-157 prototype. 1956. The idea was not too successful – the vehicle’s nose lifted up pushing snow in front of itself, the driver was finally losing control of the vehicle.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Light experimental all-terrain vehicle ZIS-E134. 1956. It had a wedge-shape body and three driving axles on a single track.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Testing rear-engined vehicle in Bronnitsy.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Production prototype ZIL-157R with front and rear steering wheels. The vehicle with equally spaced axles could overcome 2,5 m. ditches.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

2,5 tonned vehicle ZIL-157R on six arch tires with sides.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

140 hp snow and swamp going vehicle ZIL-136 with a lifting body and a water-jet propeller, but without any suspension. 1957. It had a good cross-country ability but was hard to control.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

ZIL-136 with a frameless body and arch tires.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Oroginal BTR-E152V with 14-seat armored body.1957. The vehicle could move forward and back with one or two damaged wheels of the intermediate axle.
ZIL 132 family (1960-1976):

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Three-axle 2,5 tonned truck ZIL-132 with a cabin of ZIL-131. 1960.
These army trucks were built according to the non-traditional concept. They had a support base with a smooth bottom, vehicle borne transmission, equally spaced wheel pairs with adjustment of inner pressure in big tires and had no any suspension.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Three-axis all terrain vehicle ZIL-132 on arch tires.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

ZIL -132 with automatic transmission and 24 inch tires. 1961.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Prototype 4-tonned amphibian vehicle ZIL-132P. 1969.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Rear view of the displacement-type vehicle hull and aluminuum body.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

ZIL-132P with a removed cover.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Testing 180 hp amphibian vehicle ZIL-132P on the Moskva river. Its max. speed – 75 km/h, while floating with a water jet – 5-7 km/h.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

First use of the auxiliary gas turbine power unit.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Prototype of 5-tonned tow truck ZIL-132P. 1974. It was intended to be highly maneuverable, off-highway army vehicle. Max. speed – 68 km/h.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

ZIL-132P.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Off-road test of high-sided truck ZIL-132P.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Prototype multi-purpose three-axis road tractor ZIL-132RV. 1976. This one could be produced serially if its design would be considerably modified.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Five-axis road-train with a mass-size evaluation model of a transport vehicle.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

There was a gas turbine under the hood of a KrAZ-E260E truck  produced in Brynsk. 1974.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Two-stage turbo-power unit GAZ-99D (350 hp). 1976.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Gas turbine truck KrAZ 1974.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Second version of KrAZ-2E260 with 360 hp gas turbine. 1976.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

All terrain vehicle S-3 on chassis of Moskvich-415 with pneumatic tracks.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Semitrack vehicle S-3 overcoming the water barrier. 1962.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

All-terrain vehicle NAMI S-3MU with pneumatic tracks of model S-3M. Max. speed was only 40 km/h though the vehicle was rather noiseless.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

S-3MU based on GAZ-69M with pneumatic tracks.
Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles
Abundance of pneumatic tracks.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

All-terrain S-3MU with two hingeless pneumatic tracks.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Light tow truck NAMI-044E on four tire rollers. 1959.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

All-terrain vehicle ZIL-132S on four pneumatic rollers. 1964.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

ZIL-132S on a shortened chassis of ZIL-157K with cabin of ZIL-164.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

This comparatively light vehicle could speed up to 55 km/h and was unstable and hard to control.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Prototype high-sided transporter NAMI ET-8. 1961.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Testing ET-8 – the first public appearance in the magazine.

Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles

Modernized all-terrain vehicle NAMI-094, 1963.

via

3 thoughts on “Soviet Experimental All Terrain Vehicles”

  1. They really did know how to Experiment back in those days. Its great to see Russia is back in the game again.

    Reply

Leave a Comment