These are mainly projects of Likhachev’s plant, strangest of them that were never serially produced. Construction of army all-terrain vehicles in the USSR went much further than construction of ordinary cars. Engineers were brave enough in their ideas but they were doomed to remain in the world of fantasies.
Rear engined vehicle on chassis of ZIS-157 prototype. 1956. The idea was not too successful – the vehicle’s nose lifted up pushing snow in front of itself, the driver was finally losing control of the vehicle.
Light experimental all-terrain vehicle ZIS-E134. 1956. It had a wedge-shape body and three driving axles on a single track.
Testing rear-engined vehicle in Bronnitsy.
Production prototype ZIL-157R with front and rear steering wheels. The vehicle with equally spaced axles could overcome 2,5 m. ditches.
2,5 tonned vehicle ZIL-157R on six arch tires with sides.
140 hp snow and swamp going vehicle ZIL-136 with a lifting body and a water-jet propeller, but without any suspension. 1957. It had a good cross-country ability but was hard to control.
ZIL-136 with a frameless body and arch tires.
Oroginal BTR-E152V with 14-seat armored body.1957. The vehicle could move forward and back with one or two damaged wheels of the intermediate axle.
ZIL 132 family (1960-1976):
Three-axle 2,5 tonned truck ZIL-132 with a cabin of ZIL-131. 1960.
These army trucks were built according to the non-traditional concept. They had a support base with a smooth bottom, vehicle borne transmission, equally spaced wheel pairs with adjustment of inner pressure in big tires and had no any suspension.
Three-axis all terrain vehicle ZIL-132 on arch tires.
ZIL -132 with automatic transmission and 24 inch tires. 1961.
Prototype 4-tonned amphibian vehicle ZIL-132P. 1969.
Rear view of the displacement-type vehicle hull and aluminuum body.
ZIL-132P with a removed cover.
Testing 180 hp amphibian vehicle ZIL-132P on the Moskva river. Its max. speed – 75 km/h, while floating with a water jet – 5-7 km/h.
First use of the auxiliary gas turbine power unit.
Prototype of 5-tonned tow truck ZIL-132P. 1974. It was intended to be highly maneuverable, off-highway army vehicle. Max. speed – 68 km/h.
Off-road test of high-sided truck ZIL-132P.
Prototype multi-purpose three-axis road tractor ZIL-132RV. 1976. This one could be produced serially if its design would be considerably modified.
Five-axis road-train with a mass-size evaluation model of a transport vehicle.
There was a gas turbine under the hood of a KrAZ-E260E truck produced in Brynsk. 1974.
Two-stage turbo-power unit GAZ-99D (350 hp). 1976.
Gas turbine truck KrAZ 1974.
Second version of KrAZ-2E260 with 360 hp gas turbine. 1976.
All terrain vehicle S-3 on chassis of Moskvich-415 with pneumatic tracks.
Semitrack vehicle S-3 overcoming the water barrier. 1962.
All-terrain vehicle NAMI S-3MU with pneumatic tracks of model S-3M. Max. speed was only 40 km/h though the vehicle was rather noiseless.
S-3MU based on GAZ-69M with pneumatic tracks.
Abundance of pneumatic tracks.
All-terrain S-3MU with two hingeless pneumatic tracks.
Light tow truck NAMI-044E on four tire rollers. 1959.
All-terrain vehicle ZIL-132S on four pneumatic rollers. 1964.
ZIL-132S on a shortened chassis of ZIL-157K with cabin of ZIL-164.
This comparatively light vehicle could speed up to 55 km/h and was unstable and hard to control.
Prototype high-sided transporter NAMI ET-8. 1961.
Testing ET-8 – the first public appearance in the magazine.
Modernized all-terrain vehicle NAMI-094, 1963.