The Urals naturally divide Europe from Asia. This land keeps many secrets that have been puzzling scientists for centuries. We are going to tell you about some of them in this post.
Ignatievka (Ignateva) cave.
It is a large limestone cave on the banks of the Sim River, a tributary of the Belaya River in the southern Ural mountains of Russia. Ignatievka cave gave birth to many legends. It was named after hermit Ignatiy, who lived there for a long time and was buried there. Some people even believed that was emperor Alexander I himself who refused wordly pleasures, others thought it was prince Konstantin Pavlovich – brother of Russian tsars – Alexander I and Nocholas I.
But what’s more interesting about the cave is its gallery full of drawings made by primitive people. There are about 40 groups of the drawings, they are believed to be made almost fourteen thousand years ago. It’s mostly animals and geometric symbols (still unexplained) depicted on the cave walls. Who knows, maybe this cave served as a temple for someone?
This human silhouette in the remotest place is probably the biggest mystery of the Ignatievka cave. Locals suppose it’s a miraculous image of the Virgin, they go there to pray. Scientists tend to believe that it was carved out of limestone by people who lived there centuries ago, it is so well-preserved due to the special microclimate of the cave.
Ignateva cave is a monument of nature and culture that is of world importance.
Arkaim is a settlement in the south of the Chelyabinsk region, being the remaining evidence of a civilization that was discovered as recently as 1987. This fortified settlement of the Bronze Age was found by chance by a Russian archaeological expedition that came to examine the place planned for reservoir construction.
Such discoveries have a global importance and happen once in a century.
Archaeologists paid attention to the strange relief of the locality and started excavations that finally revealed an ancient settlement that consists of a bypass ditch, two rings of earthworks and a central square. The earth mounds are remains of strong fortified walls, complex defence structures, in each ring are dwelling spaces with proper stoves, craft workshops and warehouses. These cities are quite original, they differ from other, previously known settlements.
It is still unknown what culture could create this settlement and why. However a group of Russian scientists (who do not have much support from the academic community) insist on an Aryan origin of the city and believe it to be the cradle of the human civilization.
You probably know this story about the group of tourists who went on a difficult ski tour and never came back from the Ural mountains. They were all found dead on the slope of the first mountain – Kholatchahl, and still nobody can say exactly what happened with them.
They made holes in the tent and came out through them, descended 1500 meters with no warm clothes or shoes on, and froze to death or died due to other reasons. Three of them had almost fatal injuries, another one had even worse trauma, one girl had no eyes or tongue and all of them had minor injuries on their bodies. It’s obvious they were fighting with natural forces for their lives – cold, snow and wind. They made fires, cut trees, made snow shelters etc.
Bodies of the tourists were lying apart from each other. They were found three weeks after they died. Their belongings were strangely untouched. There are numerous versions of the tragedy which even include UFO explanations.
One of the latest versions belongs to Eugene Tamplon, a member of the Russian geographic community”. According to him it was either an R-7 missile that was actively tested then or the so-called project “Burya” – intercontinental cruise missile. An explosion caused by the testing could scare the tourists and they could run down the slope in terror. At night it was more than dangerous, snow and strong wind in complete darkness could cause serious injuries. Besides, the tourists could be poisoned with chemicals, have hallucinations and complete loss of vision – but even in such a condition they were able to survive for several days.
The Golden Woman.
She was first mentioned in manuscripts in 1538. The legendary idol, an alleged item of worship of the indigenous peoples of Northeastern Europe/Northwestern Siberia. Early references about it are contradictory, both in its geographical location and in description.
The Golden Woman was hiding somewhere in the north in the ninth to twelfth centuries. She was worshipped by people of a big rich country that was called Great Perm. Her sanctuary at the estuary of the Severnaya Dvina was guarded by six shamans.
The Golden Woman was also mentioned on old maps of Mosсovia. She was depicted as a beautiful lady. Stories about the Siberian idol were spread by travellers and people from the north.
The statue of the idol could have been brought to the Siberian land from plundered Rome in 410 A.D. or she could be a mysterious goddess from China. Although some scientists believe in a “Christian” origin of the statue. According to them, the statue of the Virgin was stolen from a Christian temple at the time of an invasion.
Itkul is a lake, “It” means “meat”, “kul” – “lake”, so it is a meat lake, i.e. a lake rich in fish. The name could also originate from ancient “ikkul” and mean “sacred lake”.
But more probable is a version that the name is based on a male name Itkol, popular one among Bashkirs. This could be a Bashkir leader or a founder of a family group.
The lake is very beautiful. In the water is an original Devil (Evil Spirit) rock standing far from the shore. That rock was important for local people, they used to sacrifice animals to it asking for rain. They settled it its shores 7000 years ago.
Over 300 years the lake shores are settled by the Bashkirs. Some archaeologists insist on existence of the Itkuls who appeared 2700 years ago at the lake and mysteriously disappeared four hundred years later. Living in the early Iron Age, they were big specialists in copper and bronze.
Big moss moor.
It is one of the most mysterious places of Maliy Taganay. Its area occupies 36 km2, the moor is located in a huge cavity of a tectonic origin.
Next to the moor something strange happens with the human psyche: partial loss of orientation makes even experienced foresters stray.
Here people see different devilry that seems to be absolutely real. Probably it’s the underground gases that are to blame – they contain methane and carbon dioxide and have a psychotropic and intoxicative effect on people. In such a condition, one may “come across” green humanoids, UFO, ghosts or a snowman…