Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

In different times the revolution of 1917 was positioned as “The triumph of the world proletariat“, and later as “the bloody activity of those who support the “Red Terror”.

This way or another there are almost no witnesses of the revolution today (those who remain were 10-12 years then), and we can treat those events in different ways. What’s really objective are photographs made when those events were taking place. So let’s go back to Moscow 1917…

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

How was Moscow observed by the eyes of an ordinary capital citizen?

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Many film makers still go back to the opposition of the white and red, and show they own versions of those events.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Meeting on Strastnaya square, great writer and poet Pushkin seems to be participating…

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Demostration on Strastnaya square (Pushkin’s square today).

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Food delivery to the City Council building.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Meeting on Tverskaya square. The monument to a White Guard general Skobelev would be later replaced with the Liberty monument, however it would be demolished before the war. After the war the place would be given to the monument of Yuri Dolgorukiy.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Another picture of that meeting.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Nikolsky Gates on Red Square in the time of the revolution.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Picture of the icon of Nicjolas of Mozhaisk upon the shooting attack in 1917.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Tower, destroyed in the war days, 1917.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

In late April 1918 right before the celebration of the first proletarian May 1st, the mutilated facade with an icon was covered with a red cloth, but the cloth was torn by the wind or in any other mysterious way and revealed the icon to the eyes of people. That event was even decribed in press.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

The icons suffered in the battles..

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

 Beklemishevskaya tower with the top shot down by the shell.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Another view of the tower.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

General view of the Kremlin – it was partially destroyed by the fires. The block, where ordinary people lived, did not suffer much.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Spasskaya tower in the years of the Revolution suffered seriously as well. On November 2nd bolsheviks shot at the clock and destroyed its hands. The clock was repaired in 1918 by the order of Lenin.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

But most of all the Kremlin suffered inside. This is how the old Chudov monastery looked like on November 10th, 1917.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Kremlin ruins in autumn 1917.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Small Nicholas Palace in the Kremlin.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Two 48-linear action guns were firing at Small Nicholas Palace and Spassky Gates of the Kremlin.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

In the 1920s the long suffering building of the eighteenth century was leveled to the ground.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Nikolaevskiy Palace – the interior view.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Not only the Kremlin suffered then. This building on Tverskoy Boulevard was destroyed more than others.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

It had been a gem of the Boulevard before the revolution.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Look how beautiful it had been…

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

It was ruined by artillery shells, only its walls were standing… The cupola with a dragon fell down, most of the decor was disfigured.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

The same building upon a quick repair.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Shop sings were used for barricades building.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

View from another angle – Bolshaya Nikitskaya, 25.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

The building didn’t survive..

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

The house of Prince Gagarin at the Nikitsky Gates was destroyed too.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Barricades in Ostozhenka.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Barricades on Milyutinsky Lane.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Barricades on Arbat Square.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Mass grave for war victims. Funerals on Red Square, November 10.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

On November 10th they put 238 coffins in the mass graves. In general 240 people were buried in 1917.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Funeral procession in November 1917.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Red Square.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Destroyed hotel “Metropol”. It was occupied by pupils of a military school, battles for “Metropol” lasted six days.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Artillery finally forced them out.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

According to commander M.V. Frunze, soldiers really enjoyed shotting at the windows and facades of the hotel…

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Almost all windows were broken out, the walls were wrecked. Six howitzers of bolsheviks did their job perfectly…

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

One of the hotel rooms…

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Old building of State Duma was attacked too.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

One more image.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

General view of the building in the days of the revolution.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Building on Tverskoy Boulevard.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Soldiers on Moscow streets (some believe this photo was taken in Petrograd though).

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Churches suffered in the days of the revolution more than others, however after the revolution they began to suffer even more..

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

They were shooting wholeheartedly…

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Demolished monument to Alexander III in the Kremlin after the revolution.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Monument to Alexander II.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Hotel “Paris” in the revolution days.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

“The House of Uncle Kostya” was seriously destroyed.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Barricade of Ostozhenka.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Patriarchal sacristy following the attack.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Pupils of a military school defense the capital.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Foreign press about those events..

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Barricade made from shop signs and furniture.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

More barricades.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Lubyanskaya Square.

Moscow In the Days of the Revolution 1917

Lubyanskaya Square before the revolution. Later two houses united into one – a big building of KGB.

No matter what’s your personal attitude to that revolution, it remains one of the gloomiest pages in the book of the Russian history.

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