In different times the revolution of 1917 was positioned as “The triumph of the world proletariat“, and later as “the bloody activity of those who support the “Red Terror”.
This way or another there are almost no witnesses of the revolution today (those who remain were 10-12 years then), and we can treat those events in different ways. What’s really objective are photographs made when those events were taking place. So let’s go back to Moscow 1917…
How was Moscow observed by the eyes of an ordinary capital citizen?
Many film makers still go back to the opposition of the white and red, and show they own versions of those events.
Meeting on Strastnaya square, great writer and poet Pushkin seems to be participating…
Demostration on Strastnaya square (Pushkin’s square today).
Food delivery to the City Council building.
Meeting on Tverskaya square. The monument to a White Guard general Skobelev would be later replaced with the Liberty monument, however it would be demolished before the war. After the war the place would be given to the monument of Yuri Dolgorukiy.
Another picture of that meeting.
Nikolsky Gates on Red Square in the time of the revolution.
Picture of the icon of Nicjolas of Mozhaisk upon the shooting attack in 1917.
Tower, destroyed in the war days, 1917.
In late April 1918 right before the celebration of the first proletarian May 1st, the mutilated facade with an icon was covered with a red cloth, but the cloth was torn by the wind or in any other mysterious way and revealed the icon to the eyes of people. That event was even decribed in press.
The icons suffered in the battles..
Another view of the tower.
General view of the Kremlin – it was partially destroyed by the fires. The block, where ordinary people lived, did not suffer much.
Spasskaya tower in the years of the Revolution suffered seriously as well. On November 2nd bolsheviks shot at the clock and destroyed its hands. The clock was repaired in 1918 by the order of Lenin.
But most of all the Kremlin suffered inside. This is how the old Chudov monastery looked like on November 10th, 1917.
Kremlin ruins in autumn 1917.
Small Nicholas Palace in the Kremlin.
Two 48-linear action guns were firing at Small Nicholas Palace and Spassky Gates of the Kremlin.
In the 1920s the long suffering building of the eighteenth century was leveled to the ground.
Nikolaevskiy Palace – the interior view.
Not only the Kremlin suffered then. This building on Tverskoy Boulevard was destroyed more than others.
It had been a gem of the Boulevard before the revolution.
Look how beautiful it had been…
It was ruined by artillery shells, only its walls were standing… The cupola with a dragon fell down, most of the decor was disfigured.
The same building upon a quick repair.
Shop sings were used for barricades building.
View from another angle – Bolshaya Nikitskaya, 25.
The building didn’t survive..
The house of Prince Gagarin at the Nikitsky Gates was destroyed too.
Barricades in Ostozhenka.
Barricades on Milyutinsky Lane.
Barricades on Arbat Square.
Mass grave for war victims. Funerals on Red Square, November 10.
On November 10th they put 238 coffins in the mass graves. In general 240 people were buried in 1917.
Funeral procession in November 1917.
Destroyed hotel “Metropol”. It was occupied by pupils of a military school, battles for “Metropol” lasted six days.
Artillery finally forced them out.
According to commander M.V. Frunze, soldiers really enjoyed shotting at the windows and facades of the hotel…
Almost all windows were broken out, the walls were wrecked. Six howitzers of bolsheviks did their job perfectly…
One of the hotel rooms…
Old building of State Duma was attacked too.
One more image.
General view of the building in the days of the revolution.
Building on Tverskoy Boulevard.
Soldiers on Moscow streets (some believe this photo was taken in Petrograd though).
Churches suffered in the days of the revolution more than others, however after the revolution they began to suffer even more..
They were shooting wholeheartedly…
Demolished monument to Alexander III in the Kremlin after the revolution.
Monument to Alexander II.
Hotel “Paris” in the revolution days.
“The House of Uncle Kostya” was seriously destroyed.
Barricade of Ostozhenka.
Patriarchal sacristy following the attack.
Pupils of a military school defense the capital.
Foreign press about those events..
Barricade made from shop signs and furniture.
Lubyanskaya Square before the revolution. Later two houses united into one – a big building of KGB.
No matter what’s your personal attitude to that revolution, it remains one of the gloomiest pages in the book of the Russian history.