Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

This photoset explores in detail the work and hard days of the criminal police during the early era of St. Petersburg – the second biggest Russian city. The city, which was a base for the famous Dostoevski novel, Crime and Punishment, for sure was in need of a good investigative service to protect the citizens. So here is how it all started…

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Actually it started even before the Soviet era, in the late Victorian age of the 1860s. The first boss of the criminal police was its creator and later a mayor of St. Petersburg, Fyedor Trepov.Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

And this man, Ivan Putilin, was his successor.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

This man was leading the department just before the Revolution struck.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

And in the first days of new proletarian dictatorship, Kirpichnikov Arkadi as appointed as the leader of the St. Petersburg investigators.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Here is one of the acts from the archives of the service – the burning down of an old Coat of Arms of the old Russian Empire, right after the revolution.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Revolutionary forces consisting of the most lower class people shoot the police officers who were still faithful to the Tsar the Emperor.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Checking the documents of the visitors of Smolny – the Bolshevik mecca of 1917.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

The ex-ruling class is forced to indulge in labor. Labor day!

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

The criminal police officers visit a crime scene.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

The active service members of the department in 1919.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A department chapter dealing with pickpocket thefts, with its chief presiding behind the table. 1920.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Police officers join forces with the army to storm Kronshtadt fortress near St. Petersburg.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Police officers visiting the judicial medicine classes in Petrograd in 1922.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

An investigator’s dog finds a “thief” – the cab driver. It’s a piece of the training at time.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Here is another service doggy. It caught the famous criminal “Squirrel” in 1921.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

The department gets bigger over time. 1922.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Leading members of the department putting the end to many street gangs in the 1920s.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Officers and the city map divided into the regions.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

One of the best criminal police officers in Petrograd in the 1920s.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A collection of lockpicks and other instruments to help with opening safes in 1924.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

An example of a safe opened with these tools.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

An entrance to the criminal police before 1924.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Bringing a suspect into the police station.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Preparing to send a suspect to prison.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A class on criminal sciences.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A group of policemen ready to go on operations. 1924.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A badge to celebrate 10 years of Soviet Police.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Parade of the K9’s at the 15th anniversary of the Soviet Militia-Police.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A badge commemorating 15 years of Police.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Officers after a successful operation in 1934.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

After a huge gang of 56 members was taken down these were their weapons and tools.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

The murder investigators of the criminal police.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

During a resting hour.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Police officers at a grenade throwing class.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Document inspection at the entrance into Leningrad during the first year of WW2 in Russia.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Food confiscated from criminals in an encircled city. During that time, people were largely under eating and all food was precious.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Gold rings and other gold things taken from criminals during the Leningrad siege. People were robbing other people, or often trading a golden ring for a small piece of bread.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Officers planning an operation in 1944.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Officers of the criminal police helping rebuild the city.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A chapter fighting newly reemerged gangs after the war was over.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Weapons seized from the gang members.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Some more weapons.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

During 1949 the gang of three was rampaging across Leningrad. They committed over forty armed robberies and seven murders. Here one of them called “Slon” or “Elephant” is being arrested.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A research team was also formed to better equip the department.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Ready to go on a task.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Ready for a parade. Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A parade.Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A K9 dog searching for evidence.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Now some later shots – a criminal investigator’s mobile lab in the 1970s.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Here the new equipment has arrived.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

An expert working on a crime scene.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Studying the surface.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A group of investigators worked on a famous case in 1973-75.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Studying photo evidence.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A parade.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

The best investigators in 1976.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A crime scene in the woods.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

Bringing a suspect into a Police station in the late 1970s.

Criminal Police of St Petersburg in the Early Soviet Era and Beyond

A famous “new era” Russian journalist visiting the police to see the seized antiques.

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