Russian shawls are sort of like headscarves but they are not usually being worn on the head, but rather wrapped around the body, both in colors or single toned warm woolen ones. If to quote wiki this is something like: “A shawl is a simple item of clothing, loosely worn over the shoulders, upper body and arms, and sometimes also over the head. It is usually a rectangular or square piece of cloth, that is often folded to make a triangle but can also be triangular in shape. Other shapes include oblong shawls.” Also wikipedia says the shawl is popular in India and Iran as well as Russia. However, in Russia there is a whole tradition of shawls, and if you are to look at old historical photos of Russian women they sometimes wear them. Here we have some photos from their production and also Russian ladies wearing them.
There are a few factories in Russia which make them, this particular one was founded in 1795, so it’s over 200 year old now and has its own original traditional pattern, sort of a trademark.
However, each time they improvise a new variation of the pattern and this is where the production starts – with creating the new ornamental sketches.
The problem with choosing colors is that the true colors only develop after the shawl is treated with hot vapor, so until then they can’t be sure if they have the color right.
So sometimes there are different batches of those being printed at once with slight color variations so that later they can choose the right one.
The printing process is manual.