Greatest Russian Inventions

Greatest Russian Inventions

200 years ago people still did not have electricity, good vehicles, television, mobile phones, Internet and other things we cannot do without today.

Some of the most significant inventions were made by Russians, and here they are…

Greatest Russian Inventions

Gleb Kotelnikov is an inventor of a backpack parachute. In a theater he noticed a woman with a folded piece of cloth that after simple manipulations turned into an unfolded kerchief. This is how an operational principle of a parachute came to Gleb’s mind. Some other ideas of Gleb were never realized.

Greatest Russian Inventions

N. D. Zelinskiy invented a carbon filter mask to protect people from poisonous gases used by the enemy at the time of WWI. Absorbent carbon successfully neutralized all of them.

Greatest Russian Inventions

Z. L. N. Gobyato – inventor of a mortar. He invented it in the field conditions of the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-1905. It was made of a light 47 mm naval gun on wheels shooting handmade pole mines at a particular angle and high trajectory.

Greatest Russian Inventions

I. F. Alexandrovskiy – inventor of a mobile mine (torpedo) and the first mechanically driven submarine for the Russian fleet.

Greatest Russian Inventions

V. G. Fedorov is a creator of the world’s first rifle. He started to make it before WWI in 1913. In 1916 it began to be used in combat actions.

Greatest Russian Inventions

A.S. Popov – radio inventor. He showed his radio receiver in May, 1895 at the meeting of the Physical and Chemical Committee in Saint Petersburg. Unfortunately, he didn’t patent it and the Nobel prize for radio invention was given to G. Marconi.

G. G. Ignatyev was the first to make a system of simultaneous telephony and telegraphy with a single cable.

Greatest Russian Inventions

V. K. Zvorykin – inventor of television and telecasting on an electrical basis. It was he who designed an iconoscope, a kinescope, basic color television. However he made most of his inventions in the USA, where he had emigrated in 1919.

Greatest Russian Inventions

A. M. Ponyatov is an inventor of a videotape recorder. Like Zvorykin, he emigrated in the years of the civil war and continued his work in the USA. In 1956, the Ampex company under his direction presented the world’s first commercial videotape recorder.

Greatest Russian Inventions

I. A. Timchenko made the first cine-camera in the world. It was used to show movies on a white sheet in 1893 in Odessa, Ukraine.

Greatest Russian Inventions

N. I. Pirogov – the first surgeon to use anaesthesia in a field operation (at the time of the Caucasian war, 1847). He also applied bandages soaked in starch, which turned out to be very effective. The fixed plaster cast was also his invention.

Greatest Russian Inventions

G. A. Ilizarov created an iron apparatus that is used for orthopedics, traumatology, and surgery. It helps to heal bones.

Greatest Russian Inventions

S. S. Bryukhonenko created the world first heart-lung machine and proved that a man could recover after a clinical death, that operations could be made on an open heart, organs could be transplanted, and an artificial heart could be made.

V. P. Demikhov – one of the founders of transplantology. He was the first to transplant lungs and to make a model of an artificial heart. His experiments on dogs saved thousands of human lives.

Greatest Russian Inventions

S. N. Fedorov contributed to radial keratotomy development. In 1973 he became the first in the world to conduct operations for glaucoma patients at the early stages of the disease. In a year he started to operate on patients who had shortsightedness by applying measured cuts on the cornea according to methods he had developed himself. All over the world, such operations have been conducted more than three million times.

Greatest Russian Inventions

A. N. Lodygin and his electric bulb. In 1872 he patented his invention that represented a vacuum flask with a carbon core inside.

Greatest Russian Inventions

P. N. Yablochkov invented an arc lamp. In 1877, these single-use lamps were used for the illumination of some European streets, they worked for only two hours but were rather bright.

Greatest Russian Inventions

M. O. Dolivo-Dobrovolskiy invented a three-phase system of power supply at the end of the XIX century. Today, it is still widely used all around the world.

D. A. Lachinov proved that electric power could be transmitted over long distances through cables.

V. V. Petrov made the world’s largest galvanic battery and re-discovered the electric arc effect.

Greatest Russian Inventions

A. F. Mozhaiskiy – creator of the first plane (1882), it managed to take off but banked to one side and had its wing broken.

Greatest Russian Inventions

I. I. Sikorskiy – creator of the first production helicopter (late 1930s). The inventor worked in the USA.

Greatest Russian Inventions

F. A. Pirotskiy – creator of the world’s first electric tram, that was operating in 1880 in Saint Petersburg.

Greatest Russian Inventions

F. A. Blinov invented and assembled a crawler tractor in the late 1870s. However, his project remained unsupported by the government.

Greatest Russian Inventions

A. N. Tupolev designed the world’s first passenger jet and the first supersonic passenger aircraft.

 

37 thoughts on “Greatest Russian Inventions”

  1. Greatest “Russian” inventions? Nope, how about inventions, mostly in the USA, by people who IMMIGRATED from your country, during the communist revolution? Oh, and first rifle? I think the descendants of John Browning might laugh at that one, since he made the rile well before the turn of the century. Does the Winchester rifle ring a bell?

    • Typical American kid with a weird complex (or a weird need for show off). Ezekiel Baker, inventor of the British Baker Rifle is laughing at you.

    • Hello dumbass, from your words I see you are an american well chew on this, the Russians have invented the first antigravitational engine, of LEonovs aconcept your precious West US included, dismissed as a fantasy SCifi impossibility, how is that for ingenuity!

    • JC Bose demonstrated Radio Transmission in 1893 ( in Calcutta), and in 1884 ( in London,Royal Institution, Marconi was present there). Read IEEE, 1998

    • But Kotelnikov was earlier… in 1912 he had a patent.
      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gleb_Kotelnikov
      https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2,_%D0%93%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%B1_%D0%95%D0%B2%D0%B3%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%8C%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87

  2. I’ve been to the Popov museum in Krohnshdat. Cool place! Popov DID patent his invention, he just didn’t get to the patent office before Marconi.

    It seems that much of the ‘firsts’ in the world had more to do with who got to the patent office first, rather than developing a working model.

  3. The word rifle describes the inside of the barrel .
    Is it rifled , or smooth bore .. the weapon
    in question is possibly the first assault rifle .
    Certainly one of the first .

  4. The great thing about these inventions, regardless of who was first, is that these creations made life easier and better quality for everyone. These accomplishments are impressive when you think about how much effort and energy went into each creation and the hardships along the way.

  5. Thousands of years ago in Egypt someone carved a perfect picture of a helicopter on a wall in a building.Someone saw into the far future!I can only dream or things of things that would happen the next day or week!

  6. This is ridiculous. I remember when I was a kid (I live in Czech Republic, former part of communist block), we were told that EVERYTHING was invented in russia. But later I learned that most of those “inventions” were either lame and unusable or were just plain lies.
    That was just how that worked. We were told that EVERYTHING is better, bigger, nicer, faster, stronger and smarter in the USSR. But most of it was just a propaganda. This post clearly uses some old USSR source polluted with this nonsense.

    • napríklad škodovka. projekty ktoré rusi zakázali, predbehli vývoj o 30 rokov.kde by už bola škodovka teraz. najlepšie autá tej doby

  7. Sikorski, Możajski, Dobrowolski etc – it is typically Polish names. Tu-144 is copy French Concord, similarly: Tu-4 (B-29), Li-2 (DC-3), …

  8. Rolexei invented the wristwatch, Ferrarin invented the sportscar, Lev DVDovich Trotsky invented the DVD, Apelsinov built the first orange factory in Russia, and Dzerzhinsky invented the Cheka.

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