The aviation factory of Ulan-Ude, Russia, is the only enterprise in the country that makes both aircraft and helicopters. In its 75-year long history, it has made over nine thousand flying vehicles. Today, products of the factory are successfully used in Russia and other states of the world (more than 40 countries throughtout Europe, Asia, Africa, South America, Australia, Oceania…).
The factory started operations repairing I-16 fighters and SB bombers in July 1939. During the war, it was making bodies and tails for Pe-2 planes, and since 1943 it started to make La-5 fighters, and later – La-7 and La-9.
After the war, the enterprise started production of a training jet fighter, the MiG-15 UTI. In 1956 it started to make helicopters, too. The first ones were coaxial piston helicopters – Ka-15, later – Ka-18, in 1965-1975 – gas turbine shipborne helicopters, Ka-25.
In the early 1960s here they made high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft and target airplanes Yak-25RV, as well as sea and ground launched cruise missiles S-5 and P-5D. At the same time the first passenger planes, An-24, started to be made, too.
In the 70s the factory was already making MiG-27M, and in the 80s – attack planes Su-25UB, and shipborne planes Su-25UTG.
Today, the aviation factory of Ulan-Ude makes Mi-8/17 helicopters, Mi-8AMT and Mi-171, military ones – Mi8AMTSH, Mi-171SH. Maybe in the near future they will start making Su-25 attack planes again as well.
The enterprise performs the entire production cycle: it makes composite materials, provides technical maintenance, trains personnel, etc. It has its own runway and modern flight testing facilities.
Factory director, Leonid Belykh.
Mechanical processing shop – the kingdom of aluminium alloys and automatics.
New vibration absorber hubs are made from a solid piece of metal.
They have several modernization projects being realized at the factory.
Depending on the detail shape, they use different machines.
Light alloys require cutters and drills.
All instruments should be of high quality.
Mechanical treatment is followed by anti-corrosion treatment and coating.
“The best blades of Russia – for the best helicopters of the world!”
Tailboom is ready to be coupled with the body.
Coated details are coming to assembly rigs.
A ramp compartment for a helicopter is an option.
Mi-171A2 – the newest modification of the Mi-8/17 series.
The zone of tightness control.
Body panel joints are tested by a pressurized water spray.
When the basic elements of a helicopter are assembled, the vehicle comes to the shop for the installation of avionics and additional equipment. Each vehicle is made according to the needs of the customer.
Kilometers of wiring…
In the shop for final assembly.
Next year, they will start making their first Arctic helicopters – Mi-8AMTSH-VA.
A fully ready Mi-8AMT (Mi-171).
Military and transport Mi-8AMTSH.
This Mi-171 is as yet unpainted.
Today, Ulan-Ude aviation factory (U-UAZ) represents a modern, high-tech enterprise whose annual output is 100 helicopters of the Mi-8/17 series. It actively modernizes its production and invests in social projects. U-UAZ is a city-forming company, its works considerably influence social and economic development of Ulan-Ude city and the entire republic of Buryatia.