Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

What structures does Russia have to protect its people in warlike situations, and in case of nuclear attacks?

Shelters can be different, can have a different size and capacity, can be placed under some building or stand alone. Such shelters are built under research institutes, big factories, hospitals, schools, and in the yards of Stalin-era buildings. This is what they usually look like…

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

A civil defence shelter should protect from shock waves, radiation, poison gas, etc.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

If you see such a ventilation structure, it means there is a shelter under the ground right here.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

From them, narrow tunnels are stretching for 20-30 meters to the shelters themselves. Defence shelters consist of several modules, some of them are really huge, others have only several rooms. In the picture above is a small shelter under a dwelling house.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

This one belongs to a factory.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Plank beds for people in the shelter.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Many shelters are used in peaceful times, and not for their intended purpose, for example, to store potatoes, or defective micrometers like in the image above.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Sometimes it happens they are converted to various clubs, offices, art-galleries, etc.
The shelter should have: premises for people, airlock vestibules, filter-ventilation unit, lavatories, protected entrances and protected diesel power station.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Such protection is provided by hermetic doors.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Subway is in fact a huge shelter by itself. Its hermetic doors are bigger and heavier.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Shelters usually have a lot of posters and stands.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

And other artifacts.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Table of chemicals.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Shelter documentation.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

The diesel power station could be called the heart of a shelter. It provides power during emergency situations. One shelter may have several stations like this.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Wiring.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Filtration unit.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

One more. Air intake is performed through structures like you’ve seen in the image above.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Medical cabinet.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Operating theatre under the ground!

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Medical room.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Soviet first aid boxes used to include taren – a substance that could befuddle you, so these ones lack one component…

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Each shelter have protective gears.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

They may include helmets, gas masks, dosimeters, means of chemical protection, etc.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Instructions how to use the device.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Gas masks have different sizes.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

New regenerating cartridges for gas masks in a factory shelter.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Individual degassing pack.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Such gas masks are typical for military units and defence enterprises.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

IP-4.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Fire protection room

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Command centers are typical for big shelters.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Another view of the center.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

There is even an elevator here.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Water supply and sewerage. Minimal consumption for one person is three liters daily. When the water supply system is functioning well, water consumption is not limited.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

Emergency water supply.

Typical Russian Civil Defence Shelter

And toilets, finally.

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