What structures does Russia have to protect its people in warlike situations, and in case of nuclear attacks?
Shelters can be different, can have a different size and capacity, can be placed under some building or stand alone. Such shelters are built under research institutes, big factories, hospitals, schools, and in the yards of Stalin-era buildings. This is what they usually look like…
A civil defence shelter should protect from shock waves, radiation, poison gas, etc.
If you see such a ventilation structure, it means there is a shelter under the ground right here.
From them, narrow tunnels are stretching for 20-30 meters to the shelters themselves. Defence shelters consist of several modules, some of them are really huge, others have only several rooms. In the picture above is a small shelter under a dwelling house.
This one belongs to a factory.
Plank beds for people in the shelter.
Many shelters are used in peaceful times, and not for their intended purpose, for example, to store potatoes, or defective micrometers like in the image above.
Sometimes it happens they are converted to various clubs, offices, art-galleries, etc.
The shelter should have: premises for people, airlock vestibules, filter-ventilation unit, lavatories, protected entrances and protected diesel power station.
Such protection is provided by hermetic doors.
Subway is in fact a huge shelter by itself. Its hermetic doors are bigger and heavier.
Shelters usually have a lot of posters and stands.
And other artifacts.
Table of chemicals.
The diesel power station could be called the heart of a shelter. It provides power during emergency situations. One shelter may have several stations like this.
One more. Air intake is performed through structures like you’ve seen in the image above.
Operating theatre under the ground!
Soviet first aid boxes used to include taren – a substance that could befuddle you, so these ones lack one component…
Each shelter have protective gears.
They may include helmets, gas masks, dosimeters, means of chemical protection, etc.
Instructions how to use the device.
Gas masks have different sizes.
New regenerating cartridges for gas masks in a factory shelter.
Individual degassing pack.
Such gas masks are typical for military units and defence enterprises.
Fire protection room
Command centers are typical for big shelters.
Another view of the center.
There is even an elevator here.
Water supply and sewerage. Minimal consumption for one person is three liters daily. When the water supply system is functioning well, water consumption is not limited.
Emergency water supply.
And toilets, finally.