We are back at the Museum of Air Defence in the Moscow region. This time we are going to show you air defence systems standing under the open sky. By the way, admittance is free.
The oldest exhibit – an anti-aircraft light Z-15-14B, 1939. Reflector’s diameter is 150 cm, target illuminating range – 7-9 km.
Fighter MiG-19 that shot down the American reconnaissance aircraft B-47 Stratojet over the Barents Sea in July 1st, 1960.
Two generations of the air defence: a three inch mountain gun, 1909 and a 130mm anti-aircraft weapon KS-30, 1954.
37 mm automatic anti-aircraft gun, 1939.
The same gun.
85 mm anti-aircraft gun 52-K, 1939.
100 mm anti-aircraft gun KS-19, 1948.
The shell and the loading system.
Anti-aircraft machine gun mount ZPU-2, 1949.
This one is ZPU-4.
57 mm anti-aircraft gun AZP-57 of the S-60 anti-aircraft artillery system. Put into operation in 1950.
It had been used up until 2007.
130 mm anti-aircraft gun KS-30 – one of the latest anti-aircraft artillery systems put into service.
Powerful recoil mechanisms.
Hydraulic mechanisms for targeting.
The seats may be adjusted up and down.
Radar station P-15 “Tropa” (“Path”) for detection and guidance of air targets consists of ZIL 157 and trailer – power station. Put into operation in 1955.
Air defence missile weapon system S-25 “Berkut” was put into operation in the same year.
Work place of an operator of the guidance station B-200 of missile system S-25.
Mobile radio altimeter PRV-10 “Konus”, 1956.
The most valuable exhibit of the collection – launch device of the system S-75 “Dvina”. It’s the very device that launched the missile that hit the U-2 spy plane with Gary Powers aboard over Sverdlovsk in May 1st, 1960.
Other elements of the system. Antenna post of the missile guidance station belonging to air defence missile weapon system S-75.
Workplace of the guidance officer of S-75M.
P-35 “Saturn” – two axis surveillance radar, put into operation in 1958.
System S-125 “Neva” designed in 1961 to fight low-altitude piloted and unmanned targets.
Antenna post of the guidance station belonging to this system.
Instrument units of S-125.
Workplace of the guidance officer.
Self-propelled anti-aircraft system 3SU-23-4 “Shilka” armed with a 23mm gun.
S-200V “Vega” – long-range system intended for defence of big areas from strategic bombers. Its range is 180 km, height window – from 300 m to 20 km.
Antenna post of the target illumination radar station of the S-200 missile system.
The newest exhibit – launch system S-300PT (put into service in 1978).
One of its elements.
Antenna post of the target illumination and guidance radar station of the S-300PT system.
Computer work station (АРМ) of the combat control center of the S-300PT.
Workplace of an operator.