Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

Some say hurricanes or tornadoes are not possible in the center of Russia, in Moscow city. However in 1904 there was an event that shocked most of the people who saw it. The giant pillar of swirling air dropped on the suburbs of Moscow and swept through what was mainly the suburbs of Moscow at time.

Tens or hundreds of houses were demolished, and train cars and carriages were thrown around. All of this was preceded by a hail storm with hail the size of goose eggs. The photo above might be the only photo of the actual hurricane pillar, however inside there are plenty of more photos of this natural event and its aftermath.

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

They say that this church was the first building in the way of the hurricane, it got its roof and the crosses on top of the domes destroyed.

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

The village “Chagino” (now part of modern Moscow) was totally demolished.

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

Lyublino Moscow district – the park around the mansion was totally wrecked.

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

A theater building nearby was also damaged. The local newspaper wrote the following:

“At around 4 p.m. the park of the Lyublino gradually ceased to exist as was witnessed by the people. The trees fell down, the roofs were removed from where they belonged, the Earth trembled.”

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

The train station nearby was damaged. Six train cars were overturned.

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

The thick trees had their trunks twisted by the power of the wind.

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

This grove has never recovered.

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

One of the Moscow palaces. Damaged.

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

Then the hurricane got closer and closer to the centre of the city, getting closer to downtown.

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

From the local news reports: “A policeman guarding the streets was lifted into the air and then thrown down on the ground, and went into hospital after that. The Lefortovo fire squad had noticed the tornado’s black pillar from far away and decided that it was a giant fire. They moved out to fight the fire but their fire cart was taken into the air and smashed. A few firemen were killed. A herd of cows was in a pasture nearby. A few of the cows were also lifted into the air and were flying around for some time, then thrown on the ground and killed, too. A herd’s shepherd was swept into the air as well, but later was thrown into a tree where he managed to hang on and thanks to this he wasn’t killed.”

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

The wreck of a famous Moscow restaurant. Not the one we published a few days ago. A guy posing amid the wreckage might be the owner.

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904

This is a map of Moscow and the path the tornado took that day, June 29th 1904, exactly 110 years ago. Probably, if something like this happened now, much more damage and many more casualties might occur as the area is much more densely populated and developed. However, the climate changes of recent times indicate that weather conditions are much milder than before, which might be the reason there has not been something similar to this for the past hundred years in Moscow or any of the surrounding cities.

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4 thoughts on “Moscow Great Hurricane of 1904”

  1. Tornado, not hurricane.
    Hurricanes happen over the ocean and strike land.
    Tornadoes form over land (sometimes over water, as a “water spout”).

  2. I used to run and ride a bicycle through dirt devils that would blow through northern Illinois. Once I saw a really big dirt devil moving through a corn field, and a minute later heard a crash when it pulled off a neighbors garage roof and tossed it next to the street (tossed it backwards).

  3. Wonderful historical photos and so pleasing that they have been kept. The event must have been as terrifying as it was unexpected.

  4. That was a tornado. Probably a Class 4. Not a hurricane. Hurricanes are large storm systyms packed with high winds usually along the Atlantic/Caribbean Coast.

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