Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Norilsk is the world’s Northernmost city with a population over 100,000 people. Here are some photos of Norilsk taken from above. Due to its smog and acid rain pollution it’s sometimes called the dirtiest Russian city, and the temperatures here can be -40 in winter. The Russian blogger, Slava, made a trip to Norilsk in June and was surprised that it still had snow in some parts of the city.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Norilsk is located in the north of the Krasnoyarsk region, it owes its existence to the construction of the world largest mining and metal producing plant.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Norilsk is the world’s second largest city (by population) situated in the Arctic circle (after Murmansk).

In general, it is home for over 170 thousand people. You might be surprised to know that the city is inhabited not only by rotation workers but by generations of families who have never wanted to leave despite the severe climate. And the climate is severe indeed – in winter the temperature may fall to -50C.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

The city has polar days and polar nights. A polar day lasts about two months (the sun goes in circles without touching the horizon), and a polar night lasts about 1,5 months (it’s absolutely dark outside and people never switch their lights off).

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

The main entrance to Norilsk.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Norilsk buildings erected on permafrost soil.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Stalin’s houses were destroyed because they became unhabitable rather soon.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

City districts are divided according to periods of construction.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Lenin’s avenue – the central street of Norilsk.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Some buildings resemble the ones of Saint-Petersburg, it’s because a number of Petersburg’s architects participated in the city construction projects.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

“Norilsk” hotel.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

“Arena-Norilsk” – shopping, sports and entertainment complex of the city.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Dolgoye Lake is used as a cooling reservoir for the local thermal plant.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Drama Theater.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Bus station.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Schmidt mount.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Nickel plant.

A number of Norilsk plants release plenty of poisonous emissions into the atmosphere, which has resulted in the catastrophic ecological situation in the city…

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

This district had a city status between 1982 and 2005 due to the open coal-mining field.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Further city development was connected with the construction of a smelter.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

And here it is.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

It is located twelve kilometers from Norilsk.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

The smelter recycles pyrrhotite, copper and nickel concentrates.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Spray ponds of the smelter.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

They are used for cooling the melting units.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Ready products of the smelter: nis material, anode copper, elemental sulphur.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Copper plant.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

The plant produces about 300 thousand tons of electrolytic copper annually. Other ready products of the plant are sulfuric acid and sulphur.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

The abandoned settlement, Alykel, was previously inhabited by military pilots.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

These houses are still inhabited.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Thermal plant.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

City bridge.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

City mines.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Domestic airport.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Such houses serve as tourists camps.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Tundra.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Dudinka. The northernmost international sea port in Russia and the largest one in Siberia.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Dudinka is the only world port annually flooded in the period of spring ice floating.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

The main regional transport hub that supports vital activity of the whole district and the Norilsk industry.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Traffic performance of the port terminals – 25 thousand tons daily. Annual turnover of the port is approximately three million tons.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

In spring, the port terminals are flooded and all of the equipment is evacuated.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Loading of containers.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Summer navigation lasts for 130 days from June to October. Winter navigation is provided by an icebreaking fleet.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Car transportation.

Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above

Yes, it’s exactly how June looks in the Russian north.

via gelio

11 thoughts on “Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above”

  1. The Blacksmith Institute included Norilsk in its 2007 list of the ten most polluted places on Earth. The Institute estimates four million tons of cadmium, copper, lead, nickel, arsenic, selenium, and zinc are released into the air every year. The Russian Federal State Statistics Service named Norilsk the most polluted city in Russia. © wikipedia

  2. Hello there – I’m contacting you about your ‘Biggest Northernmost Russian City From Above’ photo series – we would very much like to host a gallery of these images on our site and would be happy to link back to your site – If you’d be interested in sharing 8 to 12 images with us please contact me – we would create a stand alone gallery and the gallery would be promoted on our homepages and would hopefully send lots of traffic your way. Thanks so very much for your time!
    Charles George
    Multi Media Photo Editor
    New York Daily News

  3. Andrew – You quote a huge number, but there is no source cited for this that we can verify it from:
    “The Institute estimates four million tons of cadmium, copper, lead, nickel, arsenic, selenium, and zinc are released into the air every year.”
    Seems a little high for air pollution – since Wikipedia questions it, how about providing a source? (And Wikipedia is an encyclopaedia, so does not count.)

    • Well, the Wikipedia in most cases also has links to sources. In this the English version maybe doesn’t but the Russian – does. Also if you would google a bit you would find the mentioned blacksmith institute pages (like the worstpolluted.org) and there you would find the links to the data.

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