Norilsk is the world’s Northernmost city with a population over 100,000 people. Here are some photos of Norilsk taken from above. Due to its smog and acid rain pollution it’s sometimes called the dirtiest Russian city, and the temperatures here can be -40 in winter. The Russian blogger, Slava, made a trip to Norilsk in June and was surprised that it still had snow in some parts of the city.
Norilsk is located in the north of the Krasnoyarsk region, it owes its existence to the construction of the world largest mining and metal producing plant.
Norilsk is the world’s second largest city (by population) situated in the Arctic circle (after Murmansk).
In general, it is home for over 170 thousand people. You might be surprised to know that the city is inhabited not only by rotation workers but by generations of families who have never wanted to leave despite the severe climate. And the climate is severe indeed – in winter the temperature may fall to -50C.
The city has polar days and polar nights. A polar day lasts about two months (the sun goes in circles without touching the horizon), and a polar night lasts about 1,5 months (it’s absolutely dark outside and people never switch their lights off).
The main entrance to Norilsk.
Norilsk buildings erected on permafrost soil.
Stalin’s houses were destroyed because they became unhabitable rather soon.
City districts are divided according to periods of construction.
Lenin’s avenue – the central street of Norilsk.
Some buildings resemble the ones of Saint-Petersburg, it’s because a number of Petersburg’s architects participated in the city construction projects.
“Arena-Norilsk” – shopping, sports and entertainment complex of the city.
Dolgoye Lake is used as a cooling reservoir for the local thermal plant.
A number of Norilsk plants release plenty of poisonous emissions into the atmosphere, which has resulted in the catastrophic ecological situation in the city…
This district had a city status between 1982 and 2005 due to the open coal-mining field.
Further city development was connected with the construction of a smelter.
And here it is.
It is located twelve kilometers from Norilsk.
The smelter recycles pyrrhotite, copper and nickel concentrates.
Spray ponds of the smelter.
They are used for cooling the melting units.
Ready products of the smelter: nis material, anode copper, elemental sulphur.
The plant produces about 300 thousand tons of electrolytic copper annually. Other ready products of the plant are sulfuric acid and sulphur.
The abandoned settlement, Alykel, was previously inhabited by military pilots.
These houses are still inhabited.
Such houses serve as tourists camps.
Dudinka. The northernmost international sea port in Russia and the largest one in Siberia.
Dudinka is the only world port annually flooded in the period of spring ice floating.
The main regional transport hub that supports vital activity of the whole district and the Norilsk industry.
Traffic performance of the port terminals – 25 thousand tons daily. Annual turnover of the port is approximately three million tons.
In spring, the port terminals are flooded and all of the equipment is evacuated.
Loading of containers.
Summer navigation lasts for 130 days from June to October. Winter navigation is provided by an icebreaking fleet.
Yes, it’s exactly how June looks in the Russian north.