Coastal artillery tower MB-2. 180 of these towers were built in the mid 30’s and early 40’s of the twentieth century, in various regions of the Soviet Union. They were a formidable force to protect the coast, but after the development of missile weapons, their defensive value has fallen markedly. However, the batteries continue to be maintained in a serviceable condition, and they are used periodically for conducting training.
An artillery battery is not only guns in the towers, it is also an underground powerhouse, fuel storage, command post, rangefinders and a developed system of underpasses which are interconnecting all these elements.
The battery on the Kildin island consists of two towers, two guns each. Here’s what can be seen inside the tower.
Trunk lifting mechanism.
Under the tower, the storage room for ammunition is located, consisting of rings of metal shelving and filing systems for shells for guns in the center of the ring. This system follows the circular contour of the tower.
On the other side of shell racks, the accommodation for the personnel is arranged. These wooden lockers are for storage, a place to sleep and runoff for small arms.
After World War II, the batteries were modernized in view of the damaging factors of nuclear and chemical weapons, and it was upgraded to protect against leaks of radioactive dust and toxic warfare agents. A filter ventilation system appeared.
Large caliber artillery shells do not have sleeves, but consist of a steel bar packed with explosives. To push it out of the gun barrel, they need more explosive, which is charged in a separate container. Such charges are stored in special glasses on special shelves and fed to the guns in the “packaging.”
Filing charges occurred through special gateways in the walls. Above them, there are hanging devices that tell exactly which charges should be served (they may be different in power, and it is also possible to shoot specialized shells – lighting, chemicals, etc.). Similar devices are in the towers, as well as in the shell storage areas. The signal on them was coming from the command post.
After passing the “gateway” charges fell in the central part of the lower floor, where they were handed over.
There are stocks of compressed air, an air compressor and other equipment on the floor.
All buildings are connected by underground tunnels.
This is how it looks outside. The man’s figure is for scale.