Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Coastal artillery tower MB-2. 180 of these towers were built in the mid 30’s and early 40’s of the twentieth century, in various regions of the Soviet Union. They were a formidable force to protect the coast, but after the development of missile weapons, their defensive value has fallen markedly. However, the batteries continue to be maintained in a serviceable condition, and they are used periodically for conducting training.

An artillery battery is not only guns in the towers, it is also an underground powerhouse, fuel storage, command post, rangefinders and a developed system of underpasses which are interconnecting all these elements.

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

The battery on the Kildin island consists of two towers, two guns each. Here’s what can be seen inside the tower.

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Trunk lifting mechanism.

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Under the tower, the storage room for ammunition is located, consisting of rings of metal shelving and filing systems for shells for guns in the center of the ring. This system follows the circular contour of the tower.

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

On the other side of shell racks, the accommodation for the personnel is arranged. These wooden lockers are for storage, a place to sleep and runoff for small arms.

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

After World War II, the batteries were modernized in view of the damaging factors of nuclear and chemical weapons, and it was upgraded to protect against leaks of radioactive dust and toxic warfare agents. A filter ventilation system appeared.

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

A toilet.

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Large caliber artillery shells do not have sleeves, but consist of a steel bar packed with explosives. To push it ​​out of the gun barrel, they need more explosive, which is charged in a separate container. Such charges are stored in special glasses on special shelves and fed to the guns in the “packaging.”

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Filing charges occurred through special gateways in the walls. Above them, there are hanging devices that tell exactly which charges should be served (they may be different in power, and it is also possible to shoot specialized shells – lighting, chemicals, etc.). Similar devices are in the towers, as well as in the shell storage areas. The signal on them was coming from the command post.

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

After passing the “gateway” charges fell in the central part of the lower floor, where they were handed over.

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

There are stocks of compressed air, an air compressor and other equipment on the floor.

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

All buildings are connected by underground tunnels.

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

This is how it looks outside. The man’s figure is for scale.

Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past

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5 thoughts on “Inside The Great Defense Towers of the Past”

  1. These turrets are named MB-2-180 (МБ-2-180 in Russian). “MB” means “naval, coastal” (morskaya, beregovaya), 2 – for 2 barrels in each mount, 180 – is for calibre 180 mm.
    Alas… They don’t look too pretty on the pictures, but not the fact is that this once powerful fortress is almost destroyed by bastards who don’t want any more than making money on scrap metal, even if it is a unique WW2 era gun:(((( The last pics show us MB-2-180 turrets… which now have their guns taken out of turrets and cut into pieces…:(((((

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