St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed, commonly known as Saint Basil’s Cathedral, Kremlin, is a former church in Red Square in Moscow, Russia. The building, now a museum, is officially known as the Cathedral of the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin on the Moat or Pokrovsky Cathedral. IT was built from 1555-61 on orders from Ivan the Terrible and commemorates the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan. It has been the hub of the city’s growth since the 14th centers and was the city’s tallest building until the completion of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower in 1600.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basil’s Cathedral consists of nine churches on the same foundation.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

There is no basements Pokrovsky Cathedral. Churches and galleries are on a single basement consisting of several rooms. Previously, these facilities were not available to parishioners. Deep niches-recesses  were used as warehouses. Until 1595 in the basement the royal treasury was hidden. Wealthy citizens also brought here their property.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

A great deal of controversy is about the builders of St. Basil’s Cathedral.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

In the construction of the cathedral used various kinds of bricks (for different elements of design and decor). In the XVI century a brick was quite new material. Before it the traditional materials for churches were white cut stone and thin brick – plinfa

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

Solid brick walls (up to 3 m thick) are covered with arches. Room’s height is about 6.5 m. Walls pierced by narrow holes – the air holes. Together with the “breathing” building material – brick, they provide custom indoor climate all year round

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

A secret hidden ladder was discovered in 1930s.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

A cencer of XIX century. Decorated with multicolored enamel.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

 There are icons of the Pokrovsky Cathedral In the basement.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

Central Church of the Intercession.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

Under the tent and under the windows some fragments of a fresco inscriptions were found. They help to restore a church chronicle of the XVI century. For a long time the letters were hidden under layers of oil paints. Only in the late 1950s. they were cleared during the restoration. Chronicle contains the exact date of completion of the cathedral – June 29 (July 12, New Style), 1561. The inscription is located in five tiers. The letters of the lower belt are 98 cm, the upper – 56 cm.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

The dome of the Church of Alexander Svirsky.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

The Modern Pokrovsky Cathedral bell tower was built on the site of the ancient belfry. During the second half of the XVII century  old belfry dilapidated and fallen into disrepair . In the 1680s it was replaced with the bell tower, which stands to this day. The Ribs of high octagonal tent are decorated with colorful tiles of white , yellow, blue and brown glaze . Facets are covered  with curly green tiles . Small bulbous head with eight-pointed cross completes the tent .  There are small windows in the tent – it is so-called “rumors” designed to enhance the sound of bells. The hung bells were casted by outstanding Russian masters XVII-XIX centuries . In 1990, after a long period of silence , they had began to be in use again .

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

Some of the rooms and galleries are closed glass doors.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

The Dome of the Church of St. Nicholas Velikoretsky

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

One of the three portals in the central church. A brick style painting was restored.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

A part of the iconostasis of the Church of St. Varlaam.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

The Royal Gates Church of the Entry into Jerusalem.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

Earlier  this porch was the main entrance to the temple.

St. Basils Cathedral from Inside

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2 thoughts on “St. Basils Cathedral from Inside”

  1. One great chapter in history of Russia’s architecture and decorative arts. I wonder… if Westerners could see more of this, listen to music of Russia’s composers, read her literature and poetry, see her ethnic diversity and culture, look closely at the faces of her people, read her history for last millenium, would we get along better…?

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