Two planes – TU-154 and Il-86. These were two of the most popular passenger planes in the USSR. They made tens of flights each day from Russia to other countries and tens of national flights as well. What are they in detail and what do they hold inside?
The Tu-154 was developed in the late 1960s to replace the outdated Tu-104, AN-10 and IL-18
This is three motored turbojet aircraft for medium-haul lines
The Tu-154M modification operated since 1984, and was produced until 2012.
The main landing gear equipped with disc brakes and cooling fans. During the flight, the landing gear retracted into special gondolas on the wings.
At the rear of the aircraft there is an economy class cabin with about a hundred seats.
Designation of the seats in the rows
The passenger control panel is for three seats.
A shelf for hand luggage
In the last section there is the phone for internal emergency communication.
In the right and left of the tail cabin, emergency exits are located.
There are inflatable slides near the exits.
The toilets are in the rear part of the plane.
The toilets interior.
Between the salons of economy and business class, there is another pair of exits.
In business class there are much more comfortable seats, there are folding tables hidden in the arms.
The interior is decorated with two tapestries with images of Moscow.
Behind the pilot seats is a seat for the flight engineer. At the bottom left, the knobs for the engines and levers to stop the engine are visible.
Dashboard view from the co-pilot’s seat.
The dashboard console.
Aircraft commander’s panel and radar.
Radio communications panel.
Shabby wheel with a headset hanging on it.
IL-86 is the first and most massive Soviet widebody airliner designed by Ilyushin in the 1970s.
The aircraft has four NK-86 engines that deliver up to 13 tonnes of thrust.
The engines were a weak point of the aircraft and because of the inability to modernize them, they had to develop the IL-96
The steering nose landing gear.
It is a double-decker plane. The entrance is on the lower deck, and they are equipped with folding ladders.
To get to the cabin, passengers had to climb up one of the three internal ladders.
This plane had three Economy class passenger cabins, it was designed for 350 seats
Shelves for hand luggage.
Unlike modern airliners, IL-86 did not have luggage racks above the middle rows.
In the back of a seat is an air conditioner and folding tables
Emergency exits for foreign airports (which have high ladders) are part of the equipment. In each door is mounted an inflatable emergency chute.
6 toilets are in the back part of the plane.
Another toilet interior. This one is near the cockpit.
A kitchen was in the middle of the cabin.
Shipping containers for food from the lower deck were moved by two elevators.
After going down on the elevator, there is a kitchen.
Hatch for loading food.
A large luggage compartment.
The remaining space in the lower deck is occupied by compartments with equipment.
A spacious cockpit.
The radio operator’s position.
Dashboard of the flight engineer.
The place of the aircraft commander.
Everything is lit.