In Russia, today (April 12th) is known as “The Cosmonautics Day”, as on 12th April 1961 Yuri Gagarin made his first flight to space. TV stations are usually airing something connected with space exploration and we post here a film strip for high school children made back in 1983. I didn’t have any idea that they had taken panoramic shots of the surface of Venus as far back as the early 1980s.
“This film strip is to educate students on the achievements of the last five years of Soviet cosmonautics”.
“Building space stations – a highway for the development of Soviet cosmonautics”
“For five days, four cosmonauts worked on board the scientific research complex, consisting of a space station and two space ships”
“Then a new complex was built, which included a cargo ship.”
“First international crew USSR/Czechoslovakia”
“140 days spent in space by Kovalenok and Ivanchenko. They have been visited two times by international crews and three times by cargo ships”.
Klimuk and Germashevskiy, a second international crew, USSR and Poland. They spent 7 days on the station.
A third international crew. USSR and Eastern Germany.
The next long term expedition to the space station lasted 175 days. Lyahov and Ryumin arrived in 1979 and were visited three times by cargo ships.
One of this cargo ships has delivered an assembled space telescope, with an antenna as large as 30 feet in diameter.
Lyahin and Ryumin were also visited by the fourth international crew of USSR / Bulgaria.
One year later, Ryumin again visited the station. This time he stayed there for 185 days.
Then a new international crew arrived (USSR/Hungary)
Then they got a visit from the Soyuz-T2 testers.
And then sixth international crew arrived. USSR/Vietnam.
Later, a Cuban / Soviet crew paid a visit.
Another international crew of USSR and Mongolian cosmonauts.
And another USSR and Romanian one.
The Salyut-6 space station stayed in orbit for almost five years, for 676 days it was piloted by men. In this time, 16 crews paid a visit. While it was still in orbit, a new station was built and sent into space – the Salyut 7.
Berezov and Lebedev were the first crew of new Salyut 7 station. They set a record of 211 days in space, and were visited six times by cargo and manned ships.
A Soviet-French crew visited them first.
Then the first mixed crew arrived with two men and one woman.
Soviet leader Andropov has congratulated the cosmonauts on setting the record for staying in space.
“Our country send automated ships to space. They can stay in space from a few days to a… few thousands years”.
“Weather satellites – a well timed weather forecast allows for savings of more than one billion rubles”
“Communication satellites Ekran, Molnia, Horizon, and Raduga. Thanks to them, almost all USSR regions can get a TV signal”
“Crops study station METEOR-NATURE”
International USSR/Czech satellite
Soviet rockets also carry satellites made by French and Indian scientists.
Great are the new achievements in the study of Venus. In 1978, new ships studied chemical and electrical activity in the Venus atmosphere.
Venus 11 and Venus 12 landed 800 km apart of each other on Venus.
Four years later, Venus 13 has landed on Venus, crossing the distance of 300 million kilometers in four months. Four days later, Venus 14 came to Venus too.
Soviet scientists got color panoramic photos of the surface of Venus and got new data.
Scientists receive panoramic shots from Venus 14.