“Bastion” came to replace another anti-ship missile system called “Redut”. “Redut” was put into service in 1966, and it was shooting supersonic missiles, P-35B’s, to a distance of 270 km. Development of “Bastion” began in the 80s but it was only officially accepted in 2010.
The system is made with two variations – a fixed one (Bastion-S) and a mobile one (Bastion-P). They are intended to destroy all types of surface ships, from surface and carrier strike groups, assault forces, escort convoys, single vessels and ground radio-contrast targets in the event of intense electronic and firing countermeasures of an enemy.
Every system like this can protect 600 km of coastal area from possible enemy landing operations.
It takes only five minutes to put “Bastion-P” system on alert. Besides that, it can stay in a combat ready situation, operating independently, for a period of five days.
The basic version of the system is equipped with four self-propelled launchers, K-340P’s, based on a wheeled motor-traction vehicle “Astrolog” with an endurance distance of up to 1000 km, a command and control vehicle, K-380P, based on the KamAZ-43101, up to four transport loading vehicles, K-342’s, and launch-associated support vehicles – for the transportation and accommodation of military personnel.
Additionally, the system may include a self-propelled, over-the-horizon radar station for detection of air and surface targets, the “Monolot-B”, though target designation can be executed from a helicopter.
The missile “Bastion” shoots what is called a P-800 “Onyx”, its export modification is called “Yahont” (“Ruby”) or SS-N-26 Strobile according to the NATO classification. Today, it’s probably the most popular Russian tactical cruise anti-ship missile. Its length, depending on modification, may range from 6 to 8,6 meters. Launching mass – three tons. Maximum speed – 750 m/s. Flying height – from 10 meters to 14 kilometres. Weight of the missile’s warhead – 200 kg. High-altitude firing distance – up to 300 km. Low-altitude firing distance (close to water surface) – 120 km. Today “Onyx/Yahont” may compare to the most formidable cruise missiles in the world.