Today we’ll go to a factory where the best enamelware in Russia is produced. Steel enamelware is perfect for cooking and storing food. Due to the enamel contact with metal is avoided. The factory features a cyclical turnaround producing even package and printing all the necessary information in a printing-office of their own.
Production of enamelware in Russia started in 1913 when Polish specialists were invited to Russia for the purpose of enamelware manufacture. They were intended to keep the technology secret but failed to do so because of the events of 1917 when the Poles had to leave Russia together with the Anti-Communist forces. In 1921 Yevgeny Kuklin managed to unveil the mystery looking at the residues of enamel paint in drains.
Here the kitchenware is divided into certain groups in a certain sequence.
Enamel is a colored silicate glass of complex composition. It is composed of mineral and organic components called frit which turns into the enamel after firing. Enamel is a glass applied on a metal base.
After that the ware is washed.
The conveyors move products from one level to another.
They also produce kitchen sinks here.
Cookware handles are attached with the help of the welding machines shown in the picture.
Larger samples of the machines.
This process is called electrical resistance welding.
Are only ladies working here?
Now when the fittings are attached the process of enameling takes place.
Every item is processed manually and is believed to have its own mood and character.
Machines participate in the process from time to time though.
The dipping method.
And here the coating is applied manually.
No defect can ever be missed here – the workers are very attentive.
Firing process is very important.
The pots were gray initially. Now they are white.
It is true that production of enamel grew considerably in the 19th century. But the process actually is thousands of years old and it is hard to say where enamel first originated from.
After the first layer of cover enamel is applied the entire process is repeated again. Then the glassware is going through the roasting process again.
These items are taken out of the furnace.
External coating is applied manually. It is the last stage of the whole process.
Every item is placed on a small pillow for final heat treatment.
This is the last time when we see matte finish utensils.
They are glazed now.
Decoration is the most interesting part.
Applying decals gives a wide choice of designs and decorations. After that the enamelware is sent to the furnace again where the paint will stick to the cookware for good.
A set of enamel glasses.
Dot welding is necessary to obtain the cookware in the form of melons.
Additional fittings are applied.
Finished items go through the procedure of quality control.
The cookware is ready and will be sent for sale soon.
A long line of clients is waiting for their turn to take the enamelware. The products are very popular.