Last century, in the time of the cold war and the technological race, the USSR managed to begin its space era. The country was very successful in space exploration despite the fact it was still recovering after the war. In the period since 1957 to 1966 there were launched more than 180 space objects, the first man was sent to space, the Moon, the Mars and the Venice started to be explored, many fundamental discoveries were made. To recall how the space was invaded we are going to the museum of cosmonautics in Moscow.
The Soviet space era started on the 4th of October, 1957 when the world first satellite was launched (model 1:1).
It was being in space for three months and made 1400 revolutions around the Earth.
Liquid rocket engine RD-114 (1952-1957) for the first stage of the launch vehicle “Cosmos”.
Ejection container for experimental animals. In August it brought alive Belka and Strelka dogs back to Earth.
Pariah dogs are hardier than high-bred ones.
Yuri Gagarin statue. At the age of 27 he became a hero for all the country, for the whole world.
Space ship “Vostok” (in scale 1:3) by which the first Gagarin’s flight was performed.
Flight book of “Vostok”.
Such table was used for training of cosmonauts.
Another achivement belongs to Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman in space (1963).Today she is 76.
A. Leonov had been dreaming to become an artist but he became a cosmonaut. This is his picture.
Spacesuit “Berkut” was used in 1965 by Leonov and Belyaev. Its mass (without a backpack) amounts to 20 kg.
“Lunokhod-1” – the world first automatic self-propelled vehicle. It was delivered to the Moon in November, 1970. Model 1:1.
Globe of the Moon.
Automatic station “Luna-1” – the first space vehicle that reached the escape velocity. It was launched in 1959 and had to reach the Moon, but it never did.
Orbital station “Mir” that was working for 5500 days in orbit (15 years – since 1986 to 2001).
Bedroom at a height of some hundreds of kilometres from the Earth.
Looking at the sun in space causes severe burns so they use gold for making face lens of spacesuits.
Lab-aircraft Il-76 is used for cosmonauts training.
Cosmonauts of today.