Nuclear powered icebreaker is a ship built to be used in the waters frozen throughout the year. They are much more powerful than diesel ones and can conquer frozen waters easier. And they do not need refuelling.
There were only ten nuclear powered icebreakers in the world, all of them were built and put afloat on the territory of the USSR and Russia. They proved to be irreplaceable in 1983 when 50 ships including some diesel ones were trapped in the ice in thу east Arctic. Only with help of the nuclear powered icebreaker “Arctic” they managed to get out of the ice captivity and delivery the cargo to the nearest settlements.
The world biggest icebreaker is “The 50th Victory Anniversary” that was made in 1989 in Leningrad. It was not finished then, its construction was postponed until 2003, only in 2007 it started to be tested in the Gulf of Finland. When the tests were over it was sent to the city of Murmansk.
In many aspects “the 50th Victory Anniversary” is an experimental project. Its nose has a spoon shape that was first applied in Canada in 1979. The icebreaker is equipped with the digital system of automatic control of the new generation. Besides it has an ecological compartment for utilization of all waste products of the ship.
The length of the ship is 159 meters, width – 30 meters, full dispacement – 25 thousand of tons, rate of sailing – 18 knots. Max. ice thickness the vessel can overcome is 2,8 m. The icebreaker is equipped with two nuclear power units. The crew consists of 138 members.
It was the sixth atomic icebreaker from the ten built in general.
“The 50th Victory Anniversary” was actually intended for Arctic cruises as well. You still can sail on it if you buy a ticket. The ship has a restaurant, a swimming pool, a sauna and a gym.
In the nearest future the importance of such vessels will only be growing. Many natural resources are planned to be developed under the bottom of the Arctic Ocean.
Icebreakers are painted bright red to be better visible in the open sea.
Such vessels are built in Russia only.