Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Today we are going to come to Dagestan to see how real carpets are made there (with no artificial colorants). It is a complicated, expensive and laborious process. It takes about two years to make one carpet like this. They gather herbals and roots, dry, grind and color them. When this is done they start making a carpet.

The coloring shop is located in a provate house, on the second floor lives a family and hopefully they do not suffer much from what happens on the first floor. As a rule they color threads once a month only or even more seldom. The boiling process takes place in a basement, where they have several boilers. On hot days it is very hard to be inside. Like in a sauna.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Everything starts from colorants preparation. They are gathered in various seasons and many factors should be considered.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

The gathered material is dried and grinded, stored in sacks at an improvised warehouse. They have this warehouse right at home, have no money for a separate one – these carpets are generally made with huge enthusiasm.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Coloring: grinded plants boil for some time then yarn is added.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Boiling time depends on a required color.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

It’s really hot there. Five minutes and you get all wet! Regular cold shower can help.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

In an hour they get these yellow threads which should be washed. After the boiler they are washed in a “washing machine” for 15-20 minutes more.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Now the threads are to be dried.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

When the threads get dry they can be packed into sacks which are subsequently delivered to the shop. Yarn is made in several villages. Villagers do not have much work so this so-called “factory” is actually the only place there that gives any jobs.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

In Kozherek village. Three to five women work at one spinning loom.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

They smile but this work is not easy at all.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

The main instrument – such a hook.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

In the house of one handywoman.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

This carpet, which is not so big, was being made for three months by the woman. And she also needed to find time to keep the house, be with two children, take care of cattle etc.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

The place where they live is rather beautiful, by the way. Quite inspiring.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

But meanwhile we’re back in Makhachkala. The next step is cleaning and burning of the carpets. It is required to remove extra pile. After burning it is washed again for almost an hour.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

Grapes growing at the house.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

The carpet is huge. Its cost is 650 thousand rubles (21,5 thousand dollars). Expensive? Hard works should be paid for! Factory carpets are cheaper, of course.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

After the washing the carpet is dried and ready for sale.

Living Tradition: Handmade Carpets

via dementievskiy

 

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