Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

There are about fifteen heating plants in Moscow. Their pipes can be of two types: smoking ones – high and “slender” and water-cooling towers – short and thick. The second ones are absolutely harmless for the environment, they are in fact like ordinary humidifiers but as high as a twelve-storey house.

Right now we are going to visit the Kazakhstan regional heating plant-3 in Karaganda and inspect the construction from all sides.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

This is how water-cooling towers look like in Moscow from the height.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Water is cooled due to its partial evaporation when it drops down from the special sprinkler along which an air stream is supplied in the direction opposed to the water flow. In other words, water flows down while the powerful current of the air raises up evaporating and cooling the water.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

When 1% of the water evaporates, the temperature of the remaining mass drops for 6 C.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

The irrigation area of the water cooling tower is 3200 m.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Most cooling towers divide into two types – chimney and fan ones.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

From the technical point of view fan cooling towers are more efficient because they provide deeper water cooling withstanding high specific heat loads, however they require electric energy for the fan drive operation).

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

In chimney-type cooling towers draft is created by means of high stack without electricity.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Fan cooling towers occupy less space and do not spoil landscape with their industrial appearance.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

The view inside the hyperboloidal cooling tower at the height of ten meters. The sprinkling system disperses hot water.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

78 m over the ground.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

“Crater” of the cooling tower.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Rainbow.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Heating plant panorama.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

The plant started its operation in 1977.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Today the plant has seven boilers and six turbines, but they plan to expand it.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

The heating station operates on carbon. Annually it consumes 2 000 000 tons of coal.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

The heating station produces 83% of all the heating and 98% of all the electric energy in Karaganda.  Available capacity: electric – 395 MW, heating – 736 Gcal/h.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

In the control room.

Kazakh Water Cooling Towers: Morning In the Hyperboloid

Location: Karaganda, Kazakhstan

via chistoprudov

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