Heavy military and transport aircraft Il-76MD-90A is a deeply modernized version of a well-proven Il-76MD. It is intended for international transportation of military forces, heavy equipment, loads and airlift delivery.
The aircraft can transport all range of military equipment and arms applied by airborne troops of Russia. It can also be used for transportation of the injured and fire extinguishing.
This aircraft can be called a leader among all other aircrafts having capacity of 40-50 tons.
Compared to Il-76MD this version of the aircraft has a modernized on-board equipment and systems and the construction of the vehicle itself.
Maximum load has been increased to 52 tons (compared to 48 tons of Il-76MD). Maximu takeoff weight has risen to 210 tons (190). The aircraft represents a cantilever monoplane with a high position of the wing and four engines mounted on the wing and on the pylon and a T-shaped tail.
In the rear part of the fuselage is a loading entrance for equipment and airlift delivery.
The new flight and navigation system, the system of automatic control, the system of communication and the “glass” cockpit meet all requirements for aircrafts avionics and make flights more safe, landing and naviagetion – more precise.
The aircraft has more advanced engines, a sturdy undercarriage and a modified wing which altogether enhance the operational capabilities of the aircraft.
The engine is being installed.
The aircraft can land and take off from unpaved and concrete airfields and perform flights at any time of the day over land and water areas.
The new modified wing.
There are eight multi-functional LCD displays and three intelligent control boxes in the “glass” cockpit.
There’s a good cockpit field of view in the aircraft.
Сargo and equipment are loaded through the cargo hatch with help of on-board winches and hoists.
Cargo compartment has a ramp that can be installed in a horizontal or any other desired position for loading and unloading.
If necessary loads with mass of up to 30 tons can be lifted into the cargo compartment with a ramp.
Four ramp extensions are mounted when they need to load tracked or wheeled vehicles on the ramp.
For people transportation in the cargo compartment of the aircraft there are board seats and removable central seats. In a single-deck modification (with central seats) it can transport 145 military men and 126 paratroopers. In a double-deck version – up to 225 military men.
Cargo loading with hoists.
The cargo compartment may also accomodate equipment which allows:
– to transport up to 114 injured people and medical staff;
– implement intensive therapy of 20 seriously wounded persons;
– extinguish fires.
Il-76MD-90-A performed its first flight demostration in October 4th, 2012.
According to the terms of the State contract 39 military and transport aircrafts Il-76MD-90A are to be built for the needs of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
From the moment it was put into service Il-76 has been the main heavy military and transport aircraft of the Russian air forces. For decades of successfull service more than 950 units of its civilian, military and special modifications have been built.
The total capacity of fuel tanks of the aircraft is 109500 litres.
Service life of the aircraft:
Calendar years – 30
Number of landings – 10000
Flight hours – 30 000.