Many of us have plastic windows at home but do you know how they are made? Why do they significantly reduce noise, why doesn’t moisture get inside? To get answers to these questions we are going to the Kransoyarsk company “Okno” (“Window”) which makes windows for the city.
This is the main building of the company.
The process starts from glass cutting.
Such a machine helps to cut it.
Glass is not clean when arrives so it is cleaned first in a special machine.
Mainly they make triple-pane windows. They provide a sufficient level of heat and sound insulation.
Glass spacers are placed in between. They also pour dehumidifier inside the frame.
The primary layer of sealing is applied on the frame at this stage.
Now it’s turn of the second sealing layer.
This is how they store sealant.
Heavy glass is lifted by such sucking cups. They can withstand more than 100 kg.
Components move on such a conveyor.
It’s the shop view from above.
Here they make PVC profiles, fix fittings and do glazing.
This vehicle transports cargoes from one shop to another.
Every glass is marked.
They are placed here, at the specil place.
Reinforcing profile is the profile element from galvanized steel, installed inside the main profile. It helps windows to withstand heavy loads.
It is cut with such a machine.
PVC profile is the main component of plastic windows.
It is cut with a saw…
.. or by this machine.
It’s the control panel of the machine.
Waste is put in big sacks.
The cut parts of profiles are to be connected.
For this it must be heated.
Two parts are heated and connected.
The machine has four welding heads.
The temperature of the welding knife is 230-250C.
Uneven parts are smoothed.
This machine is to do it.
The machine does not need help of people.
The workpieces are blown through with compressed air and then placed on special racks for storage.
This is a similar machine but not an automated one.
The further destiny of the profile depends on its purpose – it can become a window, a door or a partition.
They make holes for mounting all other components.
The can be also made by drilling machines.
All these actions are done in accord with the scheme (each window has its own).
Screws are tightened in two ways: by a screwdriver…
… or by this machine.
And here is what they get in result.
It’s the sealing rubber.
Then a glass is inserted into the frame which demands skills of workers.
The more unusual the shape of the window, the more manual work is required.
Some people prefer windows with protective film or a film with a pattern.
They need special glue to fix the film.
And this shop is for making facades.
Multiple machines are used for cutting reinforcing elements of the facade.
Sometimes glass breaks, of course.
Some materials are stored outside.
And finally we move to the warehouse of ready products.
Here products are loaded into trucks and transported along the city.
Let your home be warm and cosy!