The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Dagestani city called Derbent is the most ancient in Russia: historians claim it is 5000 years old. True or not is a moot point, but the city is really very, very old. Wiki says that the modern city was founded in 438 AD while it got the status of a Russian city not so long ago – in 1840.

The historical part of the city is worth seeing indeed.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The name of the city is translated as “two gates”. The city appeared as a fortress in 438 AD, it was built by the Persians, the ancestors of the Iranians. There is a khan citadel on the hill of the city and two impregnable walls came down from the mountain to the sea. They protected the city from all sides.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

These walls have been preserved till our days.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

Some buildings are ancient, others are new. “Zhiguli” is a favorite brand of the Dagestani people.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

There are still bullet holes on the Armenian church which remained from numerous wars undergone by the city.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The picture is classic for the city – plastic windows and destroyed “Zhiguli”.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The city has been recently flooded.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

“Hijab helps to preserve your beauty longer”.

Religious mores in Dagestan are not as strict as in Arab countries, few wear hijabs, but almost all women wear headscarves.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

This woman wants to be beautiful as long as possible.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The oldest Russian mosque is also here. This building is more than 4 000 years old. But restaurateurs have spoiled it and it doesn’t look ancient.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

They are repairing it inside too.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

“Please do not smoke in the mosque!”

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Prophet Muhammad: “Wish peace and kindness in your home will grow!” – that copyright sign is wonderful!

The Most Ancient City In Russia

People like to eat under the open sky.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

Sometimes it looks like this.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

This is the citadel of the fortress.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

From above one can view all the city and the sea.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

There are no many structures in the citadel.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

Something is written in Arab.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The ancient wall underwent some reconstructions in the Soviet time as well.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

Though the citadel doesn’t look well-conditioned today, there are no crowds of tourists here.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

Behind the walls of the fortress are summer houses built by the locals. They freely capture these territories.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

A new house is being built.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

These gates are called “the gates of shame”. Historically the family of the khan could escape through them and hide in the mountains. Right at the thousands-years-structure is a scrapyard where city citizens bring all their wastes. That’s the shame.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

They throw litter from the fortress itself too.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

As you can see all the trash is not far from dwelling houses.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

Antique fresh water storage is still full.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

This is the well for criminals. When this prison was in use, snakes and crocodiles were swarming down there.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

It is the view of Derbent.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

These are baths of the khan. Men used to bathe separately from women. If a woman appeared there on a men’s day her eyes were gouged out. If a man appeared there on a women’s day he lost one of his eyes only.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

These domes were used for lighting only.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

It is the entrance to the khan’s palace.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

This is the list of honorable guests.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

Derbent is probably the only city that preserved its ancient center safe. Even new houses are not much different from the old ones.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

One can have a taxi ride for about three dollars. Taxi drivers are mostly illegal.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The Most Ancient City In Russia

New blankets have been brought from Stavropolye.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The citadel is well seen from the city.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

The people want to get their compensations for the flood.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

Expensive cars look sacrilegiously here.

The Most Ancient City In Russia

“The best way to help an abandoned child is … have you mused upon this? – No.”

The Most Ancient City In Russia

Locals like their city anyway. It could actually become a popular place for tourists but something should be done for this.

Location: Derbent

via macos

10 thoughts on “The Most Ancient City In Russia”

  1. They say the building is 4000 years old, not the mosque. You now the building could have been built then turned into a mosque later.

  2. In the one picture it is said the building of the mosque is 4000 years old, but Islam is even younger than Christianity, at 200 years. And that building looks like a it was a mosque from the start.

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