We are going to fly over the most famous volcanoes of central Kamchatka by helicopter. The weather is nice though it is always foggy over Kamchatka.
On this photo is Karymskaya hill, it is an active volcano. It is 1536 m high (5039 ft). Its top is a right truncated cone. It constantly emits hot gases. It is located in the caldera of the ancient volcano (with the diameter of five km (three miles).
It’s a very active volcano, it has erupted twenty times since 1852. Nearby is Karymskoye lake. After the powerful underwater explosion in 1996 all living things died in the lake.
For the last ten years the volcano has erupted twice: in 2005 and 2010. Three other volcanoes erupt simultaneously with this one.
Maliy (Small) Semyachik is an active stratovolcano in Kamchatka. On top it is three kilometres long (1,9 miles). It is 1560 meters high (0,96 miles).
The crater represents a deep hole 700 meters (2300 ft) in diameter, it has an oval shape. Inside is a lake with light green water.
The temperature of the lake water is 30—40 °C (86-104 F), its average diameter is 500 m (1640 ft), depth – up to 140 m (460 ft). The last eruption took place in 1952, it caused formation of Troitskoye lake whicn never freezes.
In 1994 a helicopter crashed against the top of the northern cone, luckily nobody died.
Kronotskaya hill is an active volcano in the east of Kamchatka. It is also a stratovolcano. It is 3528 meters (2.2 miles) high.
The volcano is composed of basalt and andesite scoria, lava and ash. It erupts seldom. It is one of the most beautiful volcanoes in Kamchatka. At the foot of the western slope is Kronotskoye lake. Close to the volcano is the Valley of Geysers.
Kronotskoye lake is the biggest freshwater lake of Kamchatka, its area is 242 km2 (150 square miles). Its average depth is 51 meters (168 ft), maximum depth is 148 meters (485 ft). The lake was formed about 10 000 years ago.
There are eleven islands along the eastern shore of the lake. Ten rivers fall into the lake.
Two species of fish live in the lake: loach and red salmon.
Kizimen or Schapinskaya hill is an active volcano on Kamchatka peninsula. It erupted in 1928-1929, 2010.
It is a stratovolcano of the regular conical shape. Its height is 2485 meters (1544 miles). The slopes are covered with various volcanic emissions.
The volcano appeared 12 000 years ago, erupted in 1928-29.
Tourists go through tourist routes to Tumrokskiye springs.
Klyuchevskaya volcanic group is the largest in Russia. It is in the central part of Kamchatka. Its total area is 6,5 thousand km2. (4 000 square miles).
Tolbachik is a volcanic massif in the south-western part of the Klyuchevskaya volcanic group. It is 3682 meters high (2.3 miles).
Acute Tolbachik is an extinct stratovolcano with a broken top. Flat Tolbachik is a stratovolcano, its top is cut by two nested calderas of the Hawaiian type. The biggest of them is three kilometres in diameter (1,865 miles). Its depth is 400 meters (1312 ft).
These are Klyuchevsky volcano to the left and Kamen volcano to the right.
Kamen is an extinct stratovolcano. It is in the central part of Kamchatka. Kamen is the second highest volcano in Kamchatka. Its height is 4579 m above sea level (2,85 miles). The last eruption dates back to 808 BC.
Klyuchevsky volcano is an active stratovolcano in the east of Kamchatka. It is 4850 meters high (three miles). It is about 7 000 years old.
It’s the saddle between two volcanoes.
Klyuchevsky volcano is the second most active volcano after Kilauea in Hawaii. The modern eruption started in 1983, activated in 2009 and still continues.
Big And Small Udinas (Bolshaya and Malaya Udinas) – are two more stratovolcanoes in the central part of Kamchatka. The crater of the Big Udina is 400 meters (1300 ft) in diameter. The volcano is 2923 m (1,8 miles) above sea level. Small Udina is 1945 m (1,2 miles) high above sea level. These two volcanoes are the southernmost ones in Kamchatka.
We will surely fly here back again.