Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

Everybody knows how to use a pencil. People treat it as something very usual and useful. But only few have ever thought of how complex the manufacturing process of pencils can be. A Moscow factory has been dealing with the process of pencil production since 1926.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Meanwhile, a pencil goes through 83 technological operations with a manufacturing cycle being equal to 11 days. 107 types of raw material are used in its production. This is actually a well-planned production process with careful control.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Government supported the project and its main task at that time was elimination of illiteracy in the country. For this office accessories had to be made available. After the fall of the USSR the Moscow factory remained the only producer of pencils in the ex-USSR countries with a complete production cycle.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Specially processed lime plates are delivered to the factory. But before they can be used, pencil tubes had to be made.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Pencil tubes are made of clay and graphite. First, clay is granulated. Then granulated clay is sent to the next manufacturing site. There clay is turned into finer powder and mixed with water. Later on mixture for future tubes is freed from impurities and gets ready for further processing.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Tubes are obtained at the site. However, the tubes undergo a number of other technological operations before they are used in pencils.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Now it it time to get the tubes.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

Then the tubes are put into special containers.

Old Pencil Making Factory

They are dried for 16 hours.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Then the tubes are sorted out manually.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

Then the tubes are heated in a special furnace. The temperature constitutes 800-1200 degrees Celsius.

Old Pencil Making Factory

The tubes are filled with fat under pressure and certain temperature. That will make the process of drawing more comfortable and easy.

Old Pencil Making Factory

The machine cuts canals in wooden plates.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

After two halves of the plates are joined together, they are stuck with glue and left under the pressing machine. The diameter of tubes is larger than that of the canals and the press helps the parts to adjust.

Old Pencil Making Factory

As soon as the die gets dried it is cut into separate pencils.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

The pencils are ready but not colored yet.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

While coloring the pencils they use special enamels that are safe for people.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

These pencils are made for the Russian government. They symbolize the state flag.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

Thousands of pencils colored using the unique technology of the factory look cool.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

Surface of the pencils is processed here.

Old Pencil Making Factory

After that pencils are marked with special stamps.

Old Pencil Making Factory

The stamps.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

And these oval pencils are used in repairing and construction.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

Pencils are divided into groups manually.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

Old Pencil Making Factory

‘Government of the Russian Federation’.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Pencils for engineers.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Souvenirs.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Graphite pencils.

Old Pencil Making Factory

Pencil production is environmentally friendly. No wastes are available as all the materials are used for the second time. The journey to the factory helps to pay attention to simple things and understand how much labor is invested into manufacturing of such a simple object as a pencil.

Location: Moscow

via ridus 

15 thoughts on “Old Pencil Making Factory”

  1. “The journey to the factory helps to pay attention to simple things and understand how much labor is invested into manufacturing of such a simple object as a pencil.”

    Agreed!

  2. In the US, they make pencils with wood. Usually with cedar. Fun to chew on when you’re a kid. I imagine with fired clay you’d chip a tooth or two. Also harder to sharpen with a knife or with a conventional pencil sharpener, most likely.

    • Are your serious? The Russian pencil is also of wood. The clay is mixed with the graphite to produce the desired writing qualities.

  3. Armand Hammer was an American businessman of Russian descent, he was known for his close ties to the Soviet Union. It was he who setup the Soviet mind that ”to educate the masses, first we make pencils”. The Soviets were eventually able to duplicate certain items such as typewriter parts and pens and end those foreign- made concessions but were never able to match the quality of Hammer’s pencils so that concession became permanent.

  4. I wonder if this factory makes propelling pencil lead or lead for holders. In many years of drawing experience I have come to love Soviet and former Soviet leads, They are super to almost all others I have use (other than Japanese for ultra hard leads).

  5. Can’t Russian Government buy mechanical pencils for their employees? Hello, we live in the 21st century, only children and artists use old-classic pencils!

    • In USA, artists and some engineers pay high prices for old classic pencils. A genuine Goldwing pencil is considered a treasure.

  6. Excellent pictures.
    Thanks for sharing.
    Will be nice to see a blog post
    on English Russia with some excellent
    Russian Mechanical Pencils and
    the Factories that make them.

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