When some people hear the word ‘spider’, they go into hysterics, others even have arachnophobia. Spiders are present in the mythology of many peoples and treated as dangerous creatures which can possibly be explained by their habit to hide in dark places and come from nowhere. This year people are often bitten by spiders and specialists are very concerned about it. Today we’ll look at the smallest and dangerous predators closer.
This year doctors of Kazakhstan have already rendered aid to 30 people bitten by the black widow. Everyone was hospitalized with severe and moderate poisoning. Last year only 16 people reported the same from April to October.
The best medicine in this case is antikarakurt serum made at the Tashkent Bacteriological Institute but the Toxicology Center has no authorization to acquire it. They administer intravenous injections of Novocaine, calcium chloride and magnesium hydrogen sulfate. But the main thing is to make the right diagnosis in time.
The man was sitting in his garden next to Almaty and felt like something had scratched him on the leg. He did not pay attention to that. But soon sharp pain in the abdomen appeared and headache was developed. He had nausea too. He was taken to the hospital where it was diagnosed that the patient had been bitten by the black widow.
Spiders seldom bite people, many of them are not capable of cutting human skin. The majority of the species is not dangerous at all. Some of them can bite if they consider themselves in danger. Scientists suppose that the situation in Kazakhstan won’t be improved in future but will get worsened instead.
Such an epidemics occur every 10-15 years. People saw spiders in the center of the city. But what spiders can be considered dangerous?
By the word ‘spider’ we actually mean arthropodas including scorpions, camel spiders, etc.
Spiders eat only alive creatures. They capture their victim and poison it.
Several types of tarantulas inhabit Kazakhstan. It lives next to lakes and rivers. Its bite is painful but does not lead to death.
It lives in holes that are 30-40 cm deep and is sensitive to everything that happens on the surface.
Scorpions and alike usually hide from people and don’t try to attack them.
Black widows live among stones, in the dry garbage and holes inhabited by rodents.
Harmless agelena spiders are neighbors of black widows. Their webs are located close to each other.
Black widows can be met in deserts.
Last year the nest was occupied by the black widow.
To prevent poison to spread along the human blood a person needs to have a rest. Stay in a cold place, drink as much water as possible. During the first minutes after the bite you need to put one match head to the affected place, light the second match and put its head close to the first match. It hurts but helps. A black widow’s teeth cut the human skin for 1 mm. If you do what has been said the poison will be eliminated. But don’t forget to ask your doctor for help in any case.
Thousands of spiders came from the eggs.
Female black widows are the most dangerous creatures as male spiders can’t even cut the skin.
Spiders are active at night. The UV lamp can help find scorpions fast.
Scorpions’ bites are very painful and dangerous for those suffering from allergy. But if it bites on the neck or heart area, the consequences will be deplorable.
The female tarantula goes for a night walk and has dozens of small spiders on her belly.
Caspian camel spiders are very mobile and go hunting mainly at night. Their bites are not painful and leave no consequences.
Though some spiders are dangerous, they are still very useful creatures. They destroy harmful insects and are often met by us because they belong to one of the biggest population on our planet. Try not to disturb them and let them live their life.