Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

These are the photos from a big photo collection of Albert Kahn devoted to Mongolia visited by a photographer Stefan Passe in 1913.

Mongolia declared independence from China in 1911. It was under protectorate of the Russian Empire at the time of Passe’s journey, with full autonomy and own theocratic leaders. But, after only 1 year of protectorate, Russian Empire recognized suzerainty of China over Mongolia. The country from the point of view of a civilized European was a shocking feodalic reservation.

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

National Geographic magazine published this shot with a description: “A Mongolian woman sentenced to starvation death”, though this box could be used just as a portable prison popular among nomadic people.

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

“Two Cossack soldiers in Urga, 1913” – representatives of a minor contingent as the symbol of the Russian protectorate.

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Probably the best photo – a hunter in vicinity of Urga, 1913

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Carriage of Stefan Passe between Kykhta and Urga (flags of Russia and France are on the photo)

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Mongolian capital – Urga (Ulan Bator today), 23 June 1913.

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Urga in 1913

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Street in Urga

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Temple in Urga

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Stupas in a monastic block Gandan in Urga.

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Lama

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Lamas at the Yellow Palace

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Married woman in Urga

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Triumphal Gates of the Yellow Palace in Urga

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Badamdorj in vicinity of the Yellow Palace, Urga, 1913

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Mongolian yurtas

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Nomadic settlement in Inner Mongolia. China, 1912 (a shot from the previous expedition to China)

Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913

Two Buryat riders in Troitskosavske (a district town of the Zabaikalsk region, 4 versts from the Chinese border)

In 1921 wind of change came to Mongolia and a new epoch began.

via prophotos-ru

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 thoughts on “Russian Protectorate Mongolia 1913”

  1. Color photos in 1912? Not likely. More likely at least 1935. Extremely difficult to process color film before the mid 1930’s. Possible? yes. Likely, no.

    • Look up Sergei Prokudin Gorsky. He largely pioneered color photography. The photo development may have been difficult but these photos are original.

  2. Hand tinted photos were also sometimes used in this period by National Geographic. The quality of the hand tinting was equivalent to color photos. Indeed, as it was done by hand by an artist, it has a beauty all its own. One photo above says in the the caption it’s from National Geographic. Also, as Vorontsevich points out Gorsky pioneered color photography. Indeed, his photos are on EnglishRussia.com, I think.

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