The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Novosibirsk Opera and Ballet Theater is the largest theater building in Russia. According to the preliminary project, it was planned to open the House of science and culture here where theater performances could coincide with demonstrations and celebration of holidays. Its construction started in 1931 but was stopped soon as the project was too expensive.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

On 29 August 1930 a spot on the central square was chosen. The future theater had to be facing the Red Prospect.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

‘Construction of the House of Science and Culture’

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The first brick was laid on 22 May 1931.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The meeting was devoted to start of the construction.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

23 May 1932. The construction site occupied the area of 10 hectares and was surrounded by the fence.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Future walls of the vestibule.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Foundation brickwork.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Facing the square.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Constructing corridors.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Gauge ring.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The view could be seen from the vestibule.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

13 June 1932. Casting of the first floor of the corridors. By 1 July only a general plan and a part of drawings were available. They hurried up to finish with the construction.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Carrying reinforcing to the 1st floor of the construction.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

5 August 1932.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Form placing.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Digging out another trench for foundation.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

1 September 1932. South view.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The internal view of the corridors.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

20 October 1932.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

26 January 1933.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

False-work of the scenic box.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

15 April 1933. Vestibule and corridors.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

A serious task for constructors was installation of the theater dome. The ratio of the dome depth to its diameter accounted for 1/750. Concreting of the dome had to be accompanied with works on construction of amphitheater in the hall.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

28 April 1933. Supporting tower of the dome.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The tower that was 37 m long allowed not to fill the hall with scaffolds.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

1 May 1933.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

6 June 1933. General view.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The stage.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The scenic box.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The mechanic workshop.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Portal arch.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

27 June of 1933.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The side facade of the corridors.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Welding set.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Eastern side of the facade.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Installation of dome trusses.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The trusses were mounted on the roof of the vestibule and then shifted to the necessary place. 4 August 1933.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

It took 35 days to assemble the first truss, 10 days for the second one and 1 day for the third one.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Drilling of the scenic box trusses.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

15 August 1933. Frames of the 4th floor corridors.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Installation of trusses onto the upper ring of the tower.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Lower support of the dome trusses.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

28 August 1933. General view of the dome.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Warehouse with settings.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Dome trusses are mounted onto the supporting ring.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Casting of the vestibule on the 4th floor.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

30 August 1933.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Left side.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Right side.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Scenic box.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Setting grates on 3rd September 1933.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Dome timbering.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Armoring of the dome supporting ring.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Armoring of the dome.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Working with dome armor.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

9 October 1933. Concreting of the dome. Concrete was sprayed out with the help of a special gun. The method was new for the city of those times.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The most unique part of the building, the dome, is 35 m high and 60m in diameter.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The view from Lenin Street.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

29 October 1933.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

In spite of the lack of construction materials and qualified workers the main constructions of the building were ready by November 1933. That time it was the highest building in the city with mainly one-storey houses.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

During construction it was found out that the cost of the project exceeded 20 million rubles.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Removing of timbering was a complicated task as it had to be removed simultaneously along the entire dome surface not to allow curving that could lead to destruction of the fragile construction. After concreting was accomplished, further constructions were postponed for 6 months and examination revealed no fissures on the dome surface.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

On 10 May 1934 the timbering was lowered by 1 mm and the dome was examined carefully. The timbering was lowered by 3 mm more. On 12 May it was lowered by 18 mm and members of commission reported that the construction was ready and could function on its own.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

30 August 1934.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

30 October 1934.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

In 1935 they started thinking over how to reduce the cost of construction.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

They adopted a simpler project of an opera theater constructed in classic Roman style.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The project of the theater won the Grand Prix in Paris. They hurried up with its construction but it was obvious then that it would be built later than it had been planned.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

When it was announced that the project was too expensive and couldn’t be accomplished on time, the guilty ones were shot and the project was awarded other administration.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

In the haste heating was not included in the plan.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

1 May 1936.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Due to huge expenses the construction was not over by 1939 as well.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Plans

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Theater opened on 12 May 1945.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The construction could have been over if not the war. During the first days of WWII the building embraced the most precious works of Hermitage, Tretyakov Gallery, etc.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

In 1942 one million of rubles was allocated to complete the construction, which was done this time.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Workers from Novosibirsk plants participated in the construction.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The park around the Theater was planted much later.

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

The Huge Construction of the Novosibirsk Opera And Ballet Theater

Location:Novosibirsk

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