Metrowagonmash was founded in 1897 as a rail car building plant. Later they developed production of crawler vehicles and then dump trucks. Today Metrowagonmash is a place where most of Russian subway cars get manufactured and repaired.
The company produces the following subway cars: 81-714.5/717.5, 81-740/741 and 81-760/761. Last year, they manufactured 243 subway cars, 32 railbuses, and repaired 113 subway cars. This year, they plan to increase the number of subway cars manufactured to 320. It takes them about 70 hours to produce one subway car.
Its welding department.
This is where they make the “body” of the subway car.
They cut metal and weld it. They make frames, roofs and walls separately.
Nearby they carry out the subway car’s final assembly.
Here they also manufacture bogies.
These bodies have been manufactured in Tver.
This is where bodies get precoated and painted.
They attach a glass-fibre plastic mask to the front of the body…
And paint it.
After that, the painted body goes to the assembly department.
In Department #217, they install equipment.
They use hoisting jacks to lift the body.
The number of component parts produced corresponds to the number of component parts needed. This is called “saving production”.
Here they also install noise-insulating equipment and wiring.
Under the car, there are all kinds of engine control systems, pneumatic systems and batteries.
Modern subway cars feature a bunch of up-to-date technologies and electronics, like an invertor that allows to recuperate up to 50% of electricity.
Unfortunately, subway cars produced by Metrowagonmash can’t boast having a lot of Russian-made electronics because it can’t compete with European one in quality and reliability.
Subway cars 740/741 are supposed to run in the open air and feature modern design. They can also be used in tunnels.
When the car is assembled, it goes to the painting and checkout department.
Workers of the painting and checkout department check all the systems of the subway car, install additional components and paint signs.
They measure each car with a special frame.
They check out its rolling characteristics.
Life of a railbus starts in a another building. Railbuses are peculiar due to the fact that they are equipped with a diesel engine which allows them to run independently from power supply. Railbuses are mosly used for serving lanes of low passenger flow.
This RA-2 looks very stylish and up-to-date.
In this department they also manufacture diesel trains for Siberia. They plan to produce 12 two-car trains.
The company collaborates with other industries like foundries or forge shops.
Metrowagonmash is a developing company which provides over 15 million passengers in Russia, some CIS and European countries with modern and comfortable subway cars.