Russian scientists and engineers invented a bunch of genius things but were unable to patent or sell them in time that is why it were inventors from other countries who reaped laurels.
L. Shamshurenkov was a self-taught Russian inventor of peasant origin, who constructed in 1752 the first self-propelling or self-running carriage (may be regarded as precursor to both quadrocycle and automobile) and was awarded with $2 for that. Only in 1769, Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot from France presented a similar invention to the world.
In July, 1754 M. Lomonosov demonstrated a small tandem rotor to the Russian Academy of Sciences. It was powered by a spring and suggested as a method to lift meteorological instruments. In 1922, George de Bothezat, a Russian American engineer, built a prototype helicopter for the US Army Air Service.
First steam locomotive was designed by I. Polzunov in 1763 and built in Barnaul in 1764 while it was James Watt, a member of the selection commitee which examined Polzunov’s invention, who patented the steam engine and became its inventor.
N. Pirogov is considered to be the founder of field surgery, and was one of the first surgeons in Europe to use ether as an anaesthetic. He was also the first surgeon to use anaesthesia in field operations (1847). His name is one of the most widely recognised in Russian medical history, and he is considered a Russian national hero.
In 1801, a peasant Y. Artamonov designed the first pedal operated front-wheel drive bicycle but it was Karl Drais from Germany who patented the invention in 1818.
P. Schilling’s first electromagnetic telegraph cable line was set up in his apartment in Saint Petersburg. In 1832, Schilling demonstrated the long-distance transmission of signals by positioning two telegraphs of his invention in two different rooms of his apartment. His device was said to be the first electromagnetic telegraph in the world.
In 1860, P. Chebyshev designed a walking machine which mechanism allowed it to walk upright.
In 1876, P. Yablochkov invented the Yablochkov candle (a type of electric carbon arc lamp).
Incandescent light bulb.
A. Lodygin was a Russian electrical engineer who invented the incandescent light bulb in 1872. It was in 1879 when Thomas Edison patented the bulb.
A. Lodygin’s diving apparatus with a mix of oxygen and hydrogen that he designed in 1871 was the father of the modern diving suit.
In 1837, a Russian inventor D. Zagryazhsky designed a “carriage with mobile tracks” which he patented the same year. In 1879, F. Blinov created the first tracked vehicle.
In 1885, N. Benardos and N. Slavyanov were granted a patent for an electric arc welder with a carbon electrode called the Electrogefest in the 1880s. They are considered the inventors of modern welding apparatus.
A. Mozhaysky was a Russian naval officer, aviation pioneer, researcher and designer of heavier-than-air craft. He constructed his first airplane in 1883.
A. Popov, a Russian physicist, was the first person to demonstrate the practical application of electromagnetic radio waves. Beginning in the early 1890s he continued the experiments of other radio pioneers, such as Heinrich Hertz, and in 1894 he built his first radio receiver, a version of the coherer. Further refined as a lightning detector, it was presented to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society on May 7th, 1895 — the day has been celebrated in Russia as Radio Day. In 1896, he demonstrated transmission of radio waves between different campus buildings in Saint Petersburg. He demonstrated ship-to-shore communication over a distance of 6 miles in 1898 and 30 miles in 1899. However, it is Guglielmo Marconi, an Italian inventor, who is believed to be the father of long distance radio transmission in Europe and the USA.
B. Grabovsky and I. Belyansky were Soviet engineers who invented the a fully electronic TV transmitting in 1928. Even earlier, in 1923, it was V. Zworykin, a pioneer of television technology, who invented a television transmitting and receiving system employing cathode ray tubes.
G. Kotelnikov was the Russian-Soviet inventor of the knapsack parachute he first introduced in 1911 (first in the hard casing and then in the soft pack), and braking parachute.
Russian scientist A. Poniatoff who emigrated to the United States was the first to design the videotape recorder.
The first artificial satellite was launched in the Soviet Union in 1957. Called ‘Sputnik-1’, it was designed by S. Korolev and his team.
Nuclear power plant.
The first nuclear power plant was put into operation in the city of Obninsk in 1954. At the same time, the notion of ‘nuclear energy’ appeared.
There are 10 atomic ice-breakers in the world and all of them were designed and built in the USSR and Russia.
One of the most popular video games in the world was invented by A. Pajitnov in 1985.
A. Prokhorov and N. Basov shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for research on lasers and masers in 1964.
It was not Apple which first invented the computer in 1975 but Soviet constructor A. Gorokhov from Omsk who did it in 1968.
B. Yakobi invented the first electric engine in 1834.
I. Romanov invented the first ecomobile in 1899. Its maximum speed was amost 37 km/h.
M. Tikhonravov significantly contributed to the design of the first satellite and first manned spaceship.
The name Teddy Bear appeared after a Russian emigrant saw a caricature of President Theodore Roosevelt, whose nickname was “Teddy” in a newspaper.
It’s just a miserable amount of inventions created by Russian scientists and engineers, and unfortunately this country still doesn’t know how to value geniuses born in this land.