About Soviet Airships

About Soviet Airships

They had both ups and downs in airship engineering and these are some historic facts for you to check out.

About Soviet Airships

In fall 1920, in Salizi Village in the Leningrad Region, they began to assemble a Frech-produced airship they renamed into Krasnaya Zvezda.

About Soviet Airships

Another flight of the airship ended with a crash because of the wind and defects in the air ship construction. Its gondola tore off the airship hull.

About Soviet Airships

VI Oktyabr airship, 1923.

VI Oktyabr was the first Soviet airship. It was build of makeshift materials in Petrograd.

About Soviet Airships

Volume: 1,700 m3, length: 39 m, diameter: 8 m. VI Oktyabr has made just a few flights.

About Soviet Airships

Moskovsky Khimik-rezinschik airship, 1924.

It was built due to the voluntary contributions made by the workers of chemical and rubber-processing industries (and was named after them). Volume: 2,500 m3, length: 45 m, diameter: 10 m, speed: 62 km/h, load-carrying ability: 900 kg. Flying from Leningrad to Moscow, it was mistakingly shot down by guards of a military factory in Tver.

About Soviet Airships

Moskovsky Khimik-rezinschik airship, Gatchina, the Leningrad Region, 1928.

After its reconstruction, it had another crash and was disassembled.

About Soviet Airships

Komsomolskaya Pravda airship, 1930.

Its first test flight occurred on August 29th, 1930. In 1934, it burnt after being struck with a lightning in the boathouse where it was kept together with its modernized versions.

About Soviet Airships

Komsomolskaya Pravda’s first test flight.

About Soviet Airships

USSR-V2 Smolny airship, 1932.

About Soviet Airships

Senior flight mechanic in Smolny before another flight.

About Soviet Airships

On September 6th, 1935 in Donbass, a sudden squall tore the airship away from its stand with 4 crew members and 11 children excursionists aborad. The commander of the airship managed to get to the airship by a rope when it was 120 m high to start up the engines. Almost 6 hours later, when the wind fell, they returned to the base safe and sound. Commander Gudovantsev was awarded with a Red Star Order.

About Soviet Airships

Crash of USSR-V2, 1933.

The airship crashed when its engines refused to act. It happened in the Novgorod Region. The airship was disassembled in 1939.

About Soviet Airships

USSR-V3 Krasnaya Zvezda, 1932.

About Soviet Airships

USSR-V3 Krasnaya Zvezda, 1933.

About Soviet Airships

It was disassembled in 1936.

About Soviet Airships

USSR-V4 Komsomolskaya Pravda, 1933.

They made its gondola closed.

About Soviet Airships

USSR-V4 Komsomolskaya Pravda, 1933.

About Soviet Airships

Training airship USSR-V4 Komsomolskaya Pravda, 1933.

About Soviet Airships

In 1934, it burnt after the boathouse where it was kept was struck with a lightning. However, some say that the real cause of the fire was violations of fire safety measures.

About Soviet Airships

USSR V-5 airship, 1933.

Its first flight occurred on April 27th, 1933.

About Soviet Airships

USSR V-5 airship, 1933.

It would lose a lot of hydrogen because of the defects in the hull so it was later disassembled.

About Soviet Airships

USSR V-5 airship, 1934.

About Soviet Airships

USSR-V6 Osoaviachim airship, 1935.

‘Osoaviachim’ stood for ‘Aircraft and Chemical Industries Assistance Society’. It had its first flight headed by Umberto Nobile, an Italian aeronautical engineer, on November 5th, 1934.

About Soviet Airships

Volume: 18,500 m3, length: 105 m, load-carrying ability: 8,500 kg, speed: 115 km/h.

About Soviet Airships

USSR-V6 Osoaviachim airship, 1937.

About Soviet Airships

Welcoming USSR-V6 Osoaviachim airship, 1937.

It took off on September 29th, 1937 from Dolgoprudny and landed there 130 hours and 27 minutes later setting a world record as the longest nonstop flight.

About Soviet Airships

USSR-V6 with 19 people aboard ran into Neblo Mount in Karelia on February 5th, 1938 killing 13 and injuring 3 crew members.

About Soviet Airships

USSR-V7bis Chelyuskinets, 1935.

About Soviet Airships

They built the airship anew after its predecessor USSR-V7 burnt down in that fire.

About Soviet Airships

Water landing of USSR-V7bis in the Leningrad Region. On the way from Petrozavodsk to Gatchina, it ran out of fuel when it was 100 m from the base so it had to waterland. However, the airship caught on powerlines and a fire broke out. Those who jumped out into the water stayed alive. The burning airship fell on a kennel killing over 100 shepherds. The commander of the airship was sentenced to two years in prison but was later released.

About Soviet Airships

USSR-V8 airship, 1936.

About Soviet Airships

USSR-V8 airship, 1938.

About Soviet Airships

Assembling USSR-V10 airship, 1937.

Its first flight occurred in 1938.

About Soviet Airships

USSR-V10 before its flight, 1938.

It crashed in August, 1938 killing 6 people. The cause of the crash was a mistake of its service crew which forgot to remove the caps from its exhaust valves which resulted in a rupture of the hull.

About Soviet Airships

Pobeda airship, 1945.

It took them just 6 months to build Pobeda. After WWII it was used to search for mines and sunk ships.

About Soviet Airships

Pobeda airship.

About Soviet Airships

Pobeda airship, 1945.

In January, 1947 it caught on a power line. They managed to tear off the wires by jettisoning its ballast. However, the airship was ascending so fast that the pressure inside the hull ruptured it. 3 people died.

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6 thoughts on “About Soviet Airships”

  1. During Soviet period there were built more 20 blimps and semirigid airships in USSR. Joseph Stalin invited in early 1930s famous italian airships’ designer Umberto Nobile. U.Nobile leved in USSR 5 yers and was the chief-designer of Soviet state concern ‘Dirigiblestroi’ about Moscow. After Nobile left USSR soviet engineers continued to create LTA transport system. Best of the Soviet airship til now – semirigid airship V6 ‘Osoaviakhim’ (1936) what was built by Nobile team. Late USSR was many interesting projects of airships but live nor a semirigid nother blimp was. Only in 1994 was made 1-seat blimp in the Moscow Aviation Istitute, then 2-seat same craft and then little commercial firm made in 2003-2010 10 gas blimps (most of them – 8-seats Au-30) which was presents in aviasalon MAKS-2007… now there are not live gas airships in Russia (only projects without investments and not flying sysstems). Bbout hotair ads manned LTA systems I don’t say.

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