According to its director, this museum is one of the most popular museums in the St. Petersburg Region. It is located in Osinovets Village and is called ‘The Museum of the Road of Life’. The Road of Life was the ice road transport route across the frozen Lake Ladoga, which provided the only access to the besieged city of Leningrad in the winter months during 1941–1944 while the perimeter in the siege was maintained by the German Army. The siege lasted for 29 months from 8 September 1941, to 27 January 1944. Over one million citizens of Leningrad died from starvation, stress, exposure and bombardments.
‘The Road of Life’. One of the locomotives delivering fuel, food and ammunition to Leningrad.
The railway station. Station Lake Ladoga. It is also a museum now.
It is so big that it is hard to believe that this is a lake and not a sea.
Lake Ladoga is one of the largest lakes in Europe. It stretches 207 kilometers from north to south and 136 kilometers from west to east. Its average depth is 51 meters.
They say that the lake is unpredictable and weather here may change any minute. Thus, in September, 1941, a sudden storm destroyed dozens of boats and killed over a thousand people.
Ice is never smooth in winter and the lake is covered with ice hummocks which complicated the construction of the road.
‘The Road of Life’.
Entrance to the museum.
On the square in front of the museum, there are a lot of exhibits. This is the military transport aircraft Li-2.
Such planes delivered food and medicaments to the besieged city.
The Road of Life began to operate on 20 November 1941 when the first convoy of horse-drawn sleighs brought supplies to the city. Shortly thereafter, the ice road began receiving truck traffic. Via the Road of Life, supplies could be brought into the city, and civilians evacuated to the still Soviet-controlled opposite coast. During the winter of 1941–42 the ice corridor of the ‘Road of Life’ operated for 152 days, until 24 April. About 514,000 city inhabitants, 35,000 wounded soldiers, industrial equipment from 86 plants and factories, and also some art and museum collections were evacuated from Leningrad during the first winter of the blockade. The total number of people evacuated from the siege of Leningrad through the Road of Life was about 1.3 million, mostly women and children who made the journey on foot.
A monument to the military units which protected the Road of Life from German artillery and airplanes.
The tank T-34 turret.
Antiaircraft, field and naval guns.
This light buoy helped ships to navigate.
A self-propelled cutter. Carrying capacity: 25 tons, speed: 5 knots.
The towing steamer Izhorets 8.
The high speed vessel MO-215. It could float as fast as 50 kmh and was used for different purposes.
Within the first two weeks of using the road, 157 vehicles fell through the ice. Drivers rode with their doors open to be able to escape from the falling car, but not all of them were that quick. Within the first two winters about 1100 vehicles sank which is every fourth car.
Stoplights remained undamaged.
A fragment of another vehicle.
This looks like parts of the attack plane Ilyushin Il-2.
Are those traces of bullets?
The museum. The exposition consists of five halls situated chronologically.
A 45 mm gun and a 120 mm trench mortar Maxim.
The electricity was off at the museum that is why the map is not illuminated.