Today we’ll have a look at a hadron collider of the Nuclear Physics Institute in Novosibirsk. Russian scientists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics, located in the city of Novosibirsk, are trying hard to enhance LHC’s performance 100 times.
Total number of the Institute’s employees accounts for 2900 people.
The entire process started with antiparallel E-beams (AEB-1). The first collider in the world was built in 1963 to examine the possibilities of the beams in experiments on physics of elementary particles. AEB-1 was the first collider where beams circulated and collided with one another in the vertical plane.
Today the Institute can boast of having two accelerators, AEBB-4 and AEBB-2000. Development of AEBB-2000 made it possible to create the greater hadron collider.
Momentary foot cooling with the help of nitrogen.
The new collider has to provide exact measurements of electron-positron annihilation. Positron and electron (particle and anti-particle) can annihilate in collision turning into electromagnetic radiation. In some cases other particles that consist of two or three quarks can be obtained in the result of the collision. Internal composition of protons and neutrons is not examined completely.
Control unit of AEBB-2000.
You are in a control room. Where is your radiation hazard meter?
Are you moving to the AEBB-2000 or to the basement? Do you have a radiation hazard meter with you?
The AEBB-2000 accelerator is a unique facility for carrying out experiments with anti-parallel electron-positron beams of high energies.
The AEBB-4M can measure energy of particles by method of resonance depolarization with relative mistake up to 10-7 which is not available at any other laboratory in the world.
Nowadays most experiments aim at precision measurement of elementary particles mass.
The AEBB-4M complex is also used in experiments with beams of synchrotron radiation. Main directions are represented by archeology, biology, medicine, nanotechnology,etc.
The complex is used by over 30 Russian and foreign organizations.
The AEBB-4M complex occupies 366 meters.
Here the experiments on nuclear physics are held when a stream of gas is injected into the vacuum chamber of the accumulator.
The accumulator is 74,4 meters long.
The gasodynamic trap helps to examine important physical problems related to retention of thermonuclear plasma in long open magnetic systems.
The trap is undergoing modernization. Thus, they will be using powerful injectors of new generation to heat plasma.
Plasma trap GOL-3 holds experiments on studying interaction of plasma with the surface. It will help to choose optimal construction materials for elements of the thermonuclear reactor that contacts with hot plasma.
Free electron laser works as follows: an electron beam goes through the section with alternating magnetic field making electrons move along a wavy path and not a straight one. Relativistic electrons produce light that goes to the optical resonator with absolute vacuum inside.
Two massive copper mirrors are located on the opposite parts of the tube. While moving from one part of the tube to the other one, the light becomes more and more powerful. A part of the force goes to the consumer. Electrons that were deprived of their energy in favour of electromagnetic radiation go back to the resonators and get inhibited there.
Radiation is taken upward through the tubes filled with dry nitrogen.
Do you see how wide the walls are? Rules of radiation protection were followed to the maximum.