The Motherland Calls is one of the tallest monuments in the world. It is located in Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd, Russia, and commemorates the Battle of Stalingrad. Two hundred steps, symbolizing the two hundred days of the Battle of Stalingrad, lead from the bottom of the hill to the monument. Its sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich wanted the staircase to go up to the river, but it never happened because of lack of financing. Some say that now they are going to finish the sculptor’s initial plan.
An alley of Bolle’s poplas leads to ‘The Ploshchad Stoyavshikh Nasmert’, which is followed by ‘The Ruin-Walls’. There is a statue of the soldier in the center of the square. It symbolizes the defender of Stalingrad. The following inscriptions are scratched on the rock: ‘Die in the last ditch’, ‘There is no land for us behind the Volga River’, ‘Never step backward’, ‘Each house is a fortress’, ‘Do not let the ancestry down’.
‘The Ruin-Walls’ produce a great impression. One can look at them for hours. These are the remains of the constructions which have been destroyed by multiple fires and bombings. A sculpture of the famous sniper, Vasily Zaytsev, who killed 224 German military officers, is up on the left wall. Although it seems a little bit small, it is a full-length sculpture.
There are many inscriptions on the walls. Here’s one of them:
Discussed: The behavior of the Komsomol members during a fight.
Resolved: It’s better to die in the trench rather than run away in shame.
A question to the speaker: Are there any reasonable excuses for leaving the firing position?
The answer: Yes, it is death.
The pool ‘Lake of Tears’ is in the center of ‘The Square of Heroes’. To the left of the pool there is ‘The Banner-Wall’ with the following words scratched on it, ‘They kept moving forward despite strong wind. The enemies were terror-stricken again, thinking about whether those who were fighting against them, were humans? Were they actually mortal?’
The round building is ‘The Hall of Military Glory’ with the eternal fire and 7200 scratched names of the soldiers inside. The total number of people who died in the Battle of Stalingrad is 3 million.
The Motherland can be seen through the round hole of the roof of ‘The Hall of Military Glory’.
There are just two cities in Russia which have the guard of honor, Moscow and Volgograd.
‘The Hall of Military Glory’ is followed by ‘The Square of Grief’ with a monument of a mother with a dead soldier in her arms.
‘The Square of Grief’ leads to the main monument of Mamayev Kurgan.
The Motherland Calls monument has a weight of 8 000 tons and is just standing on the ground with no fastening.
The motherland is 52 meters tall; she holds a sword which is 33 meters long in her right hand; the sword has a weight of 14 tons. The foundation of the monument is 16 meters tall, so the monument’s total hight is 85 meters.
It is possible to get inside the monument through a small door at the foundation of the monument.
On the inside it resembles Escher’s Relativity.
About 187 steps lead upstairs.
Inside the statue there are ropes weighting 60 tons each.
This room is the heart of the monument. It is situated inside the chest of the Motherland. The left arm and the right arm of the statue are tied up with ropes. The room is tied up with ropes too because otherwise it would break into pieces.
The left arm fastening.
Here’s the entrance into the right arm.
On the right there is an entrance into the left arm.
The entrance into the head.
Inside the head. One can stick out through the hole on the ceiling.
The All Saints Church can be seen down there .
Mountain climbers left a bunch of inscriptions on the monument.
The old sword was replaced with a new one 1972.
This is the famous ‘dancing bridge’ the video of which went viral. Remember?