Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Eski-Kermen is a medieval town in the southwest of the Crimea. It means ‘old fortress’ in Crimean-Tatar.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Eski-Kermen is located near the city of Bahchisaray. It was built on a plateau bounded by thirty-meter steeps (a mountain mass in the middle of the picture).

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

So hot, so many trees and birds… Looks just like jungle!

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Here’s one of the paths…

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Here one can discern the remains of the watch tower.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Almost on top!

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

The town was founded at the end of the 6th century A. D. as a byzantine fortification, and had existed until the end of the 14th century. Its history up to the 10th century is not well known because it was an insignificant fortress.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Siege well of the 6th century.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

You can see how tall it is, standing on the very brink of the precipice.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

On the left, there is one of the defensive rooms of the fortress.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

The staircase consists of 6 flights of stairs and 80 steps.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Down there is a 20-meter passage leading to the cave. They accumulated water there, that’s why the people were able to stand long sieges.

This well played an important role in the history of the town. Thus, during the Khazars’ seige, the people of the town successfully repulsed the attacks. The invaders were about to leave, when a man from a nearby village, a traitor, showed them the place on the rock that was closest to the well. At night, they made a breach in the well and siezed the main gates. The town got empty. Those who survived, had to leave the town because there was no water in Eski-Kermen anymore.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

The town began to grow since the 10th century. Its flourishing falls on the 12th and 13th centuries when its population outnumbered 2000.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

About 350 caves were cut out in the rocks inside the town, and 50 more outside it. They would keep kettle in there, do handicraft, make wine, and store it there!

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Here’s a staircase leading down to the caves.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

The biggest part of the fortress territory was an unbuilt area, because they needed space and shelter in case of an attack.

The residential area was built up with two-storey houses with tiled roofs. The ground stone floor had storages cut out in the rocks. The first floor was made of wood and as a rule, had a balcony.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

There was a water pipeline in the town. It was made of clay pipes and supplied water from the springs up in the hills, which were 4 kilometers away. Also, there was a necropolis and several other religious buildings.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

In 1399, the town was destroyed by the Mongolian army and since then, it was never restored.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Nevertheless, it’s so beautiful here!

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

The ruins got overgrown with trees and buried undeground.

Everything was very smart in this town. Pay your attention to the ‘pipe bend’ covered in grass.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

This used to be a granary. During the rain, these holes would get covered.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Here’s how it looks from the inside.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Here’s the central part of the town. It could have been the central square.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Caves…

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Here’s the central street of the town. One can see chariot trails in there.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

What kind of a town has no church? Here it is!

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

This is the alter. There used to be a lot of frescos here but they did not preserve. The passage to the right of the alter, leads to a cellule, a place where one could sleep and pray. The acoustics here’s just great!

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

The South Gates. On the left, there were guards’ casemates. On the right, a customs station where people would pay money for entrance.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

Horses used to pull carts and people used to go along this road…

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

This is another temple in the rock. There is a fresco with three horsemen inside it. The fresco is dated to the 12th or 13th century.

Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen

It has two doors, entrance and exit. Here the warriors of Eski-Kermen used to receive blessings before battles.

Location: Bahchisaray

via frantsouzov

8 thoughts on “Medieval Cave Town Eski-Kermen”

  1. It would be nice to build a modern village along those same lines, with concrete and stone. I think we feel most comfortable and natural in caves.

  2. ER should write more about the early history of russia, a lot of early greek settlements can be found black sea and aral sea.
    Also many experts think that at the boarder to kazakhstan lived the famous Arier, no not the germans. Greek called a clan of amazons, the famous amazons that way.

    They should also write something about the small clans which culture becomes smaller and smaller, because many of them move to big cities. No you havent to pass the Ural also between moscow and murmanks are a lot of different races.

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