History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Oil is a nurse, pride, cause of wars and intrigues and the main guide of Kazakhstan. This year Kazakhstan has a lot of reasons to celebrate: the 100th anniversary of the oilfield Dossor, the 50th anniversary of the Mangyshlak petroleum and the 25th anniversary of the oilfield Kumkol.  The following photos are taken from rich archives of materials involved in a new book ” The Kazakhstan Oil. Its History in Pictures”.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

In November 1899, in Karashungul the first oil fountain began the history of Kazakhstan petroleum. In April 1911, in Dossor new oil fields of very high quality were discovered and it caused a worldwide craze. Two years later, in the Guriev region the field Makat was opened. By 1914, Makat and Dossor produced over 200 thousand tons of oil.
The life near first oil fields of Kazakhstan, 1910.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

A pack caravan of an exploratory group in steppes of Western Kazakhstan. In 1917 in Russia after the October Revolution the process of nationalization of all industries started.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

In the 30s Guriev region began to grow rapidly. Labs were created, petroleum colleges were opened, the office “Embanefteproekt” was formed.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

A general view of the oil field Dossor.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

In 1935 the Stakhanov’s movement developed among Kazakhstan oil worker. Adbrahman Karimov (in the picture) is a Stakhanovite of the oil field Dossor.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

During the war times the biggest task was to force oil production in Kazakhstan in order to compensate a temporary suspension of the oil regions activity in Maikop and Grozny. Oil industry workers of the Urals region worked 12-13 hours a day, seven days a week, producing thousands of tons of oil fuel and supplying with it the Soviet army. That oil was the contribution to the victory over fascism, which is still impossible to estimate.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Hardships of the war and an increasing need for the high quality fuel gave a powerful impetus to the development of oil producing and processing industry. Kazakhstan oil workers has mastered the secondary oil production method for the first time in the USSR.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

An operator of the oil field Shubarkuduk, 1943.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

World War II not only took millions of lives, but also left after itself a completely ruined economy. The 50s are known by active geological exploration, which resulted in opening of new oil fields.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

A fuel tanker at an oil storehouse supplied tractors with fuel during field works, 1955.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Workers of boreholes repairs at the oil field Kulsary, 1955.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

An oil field operator, 1955.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Electric welders of a refinery.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

An oil field operator, 1958.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

A communications engineer, 1958.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

A senior drilling foreman gives first samples of extracted oil to his colleagues, Guriev region, 1959.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

The next decade becomes a new step in the development history of Kazakhstan oil.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Oil exports to world markets were actively increasing.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

The meeting devoted to the discovery of the Uzen oil field.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

The beginning of town New Uzen, 1962.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

The best carpenter of the Urals-Volga exploratory expedition.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

A driller.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

In 1965 the oil production in Kazakhstan reached 2 million tons per year.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

By 1969 it became more than 10 million tons per year.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

A three thousand train with Mangyshlak oil, 1969.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

The tanker “Sabunchi” in the Caspian Sea.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

The 70s of last century can be considered as a period of major oil discoveries.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Laboratory technicians of the Guriev refinery, 1972.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Testings of a borehole after the capital repair on the section Zhanatalap, Guriev region, 1975.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Lowering of a technical column.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

The oil exploration rig Karazhanbas, Mangyshlak region, 1976.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Its workers.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

The honour mark of quality with the inscription USSR, 1977.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Welders.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Installation of fixtures in a future building of a cox workshop in the Guriev refinery.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

The central compressor station of the Pavlodar refinery.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Drillers.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

The oil field “Uzenneft”, 1982.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Oil refueling of tankers in the port of Shevchenko town.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

he railway transshipment and distribution oil base in Kokchetav, 1983.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

A huge fire of the borehole № 37 at the Tengiz oil field lasted 368 days : from June 23, 1985 to July 27, 1986.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Unfortunately, there were human sacrifices.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

In the 90s independent Kazakhstan began to attract foreign investors and actively develop the oil industry.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

The Atyrau refinery plant.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

The company “KazTransGas” was created in the 2000s.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

On the Caspian shelf the giant Kashagan oil field was opened.

History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry

Kazakhstan, Russia and Azerbaijan signed a trilateral agreement on the delimitation point of neighbouring sections in the Caspian Sea.

via voxpopuli

5 thoughts on “History of Kazakhstan Oil Industry”

  1. “borehole”

    ITS CALLED A “WELL”!! There is no such thing as “boring” or “borehole”! Drilling, drilling rig, well, gas well, oil well.

    • In terms of manufacturing boring is making a hole using a cutting tool with a single insert. Drilling uses a multiple edged cutting tool, usually not of insert/stock construction.
      In mining a borehole is a hole into the ground which could be used for oil extraction or any other purpose.

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