Would you like to know how divers are trained? Not many people can boast of having a qualification of a diver as becoming a professional diver is not that easy.
The first and the only school for divers in Russia was created on May 5, 1882 in the city of Kronshtadt following the edict of the Russian Emperor Alexander II. That time it was the only educational institution in the world that prepared divers. The school could be attended by officers and military men of lower ranks. During the first 4 years of its existence the school prepared 200 and 40 highly qualified divers working with those who belonged to lower ranks and officers, respectively.
In the period from 1919 to 1928 the school was based in different cities such as Petrograd, Saratov, Kazan, Kronshtadt and Balaclava.
In 1928 the diving school was united with courses where members of Expeditions of Special Diving Organization could get diving bachelor’s diplomas. In October 1941 when the German forces approached Sevastopol, the diving school was moved first to Astrakhan and then to a village on Lake Baikal.
In 2 months after the dislocation preparation of divers was continued in spite of severe frosts. After freeing the Crimea in 1944 the school was returned to Balaclava and in 1957 shifted to Sevastopol where it is located till now. In December 2009 Naval School Number 17 For Junior Specialists was opened on the basis of the diving school. Today School 17 is the only educational institution that prepares divers for the entire Russian Navy. Within 2010 253 junior specialists of different diving qualifications were prepared for the Navy.
The attendees eat in the dining room. The ration includes bread, cereals, meat, sausages, butter, eggs, potatoes, cabbages, onions, tomatoes, cheese, fish, etc. As soon as attendees start diving courses they are provided with an additional ration (meat, butter, sweetened condensed milk, coffee and juices) which enables them to restore spent energy and stimulate growth of the muscular mass. During the whole period of its existence the school prepared 86 thousands of qualified specialists.
During one educational period (there are two such periods in a year) 160 specialists graduate from the school.
Attendees at least with secondary level education are subject to recruiting.
Today, 42 attendees have higher education. Qualifications are as follows: divers, diver-welders, diving instructors, frogmen, etc. Course duration is 5 months.
Subjects include general navigation, seamanship and diving. Candidates must have senior secondary education, high level of mental to stress tolerance and need to go through professional and psychological testing and military physician board. A diving course lasts 4 months and is divided into 2 main stages: theoretical course is carried out in training rooms. And practical classes with self-contained breathing apparatus. Training is done under the guidance of instructors. The person in the picture is getting ready for diving.
Examinations of barofunctions of ears and paranasal sinuses, stability to decompression gas formation, hypoxia test, etc. They also evaluate physical development, muscular strength and condition of different organs including blood circulation organs, organs of vision and so on.
Removal of equipment.
The divers responsible for mine clearing are marking a safe way.
Special activities such as prophylaxis with dibasol and division of the entire barracks into separate sectors with 8-10 people each help eliminating cold diseases.
Quartz treatment is done 4 times a day.
Working with a mining device. After arrival the attendees are distributed into groups. The school has two training groups and can accommodate 100 people.
Sports objects for training.
A universal set.
Equipment for deep diving.
A diver propulsion vehicle.
The guys are participating in a show devoted to the Navy Day. Their weapons are covered with rust as they are not intended for being in water. The weapons are needed to produce a memorable blank fire.