Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Russia has seen a lot of different constructions throughout its existence. Building a power plant on the Volga river and erecting a bay in Samara are just a few examples. Today you will fling yourself into the creative upbuidling processes the results of which are left for the future generations.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

For the first time the project of the Volga hydroelectric power station was considered in the beginning of the last century. In 1910 a talented Russian engineer G. Krzhizhanovsky offered the imperial government to build a power station on the Volga river. But only in 1919 the scientist obtained an order from Lenin according to which he had to choose the site where the future enterprise would be located. In 1940 they launched construction of a village next to Samara. It was planned that the village would be inhabited by those participating in the plant construction. A bit later World War II broke out making them to abandon the plans. However, the after-war years were marked by hydrogeological investigations which proved appropriateness of plant construction next to Samara. A giant construction project was launched in 1950. It resulted in the largest dam in the country and powerful navigation locks.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Bank of the Volga river before the plant construction in 1950.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Beginning of land development.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

It is not a secret that thousands of prisoners were engaged in the construction process. In 1955 the number of prisoners accounted for 46 000.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

That time it was allowed to take pictures of freelance workers only.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Making a working trench.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The most modern equipment such as excavators and trucks was used during the works.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Preparing a floating bridge on site of the to-be overflow dam.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Construction of the overflow dam.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

7 million cubic meters of concrete were used during the construction.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The dam.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The dam is located on the left bank of the river. Its length is 1 km. It has 38 overflow passages and devices for energy dissipation. Construction next to the turbine room.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The construction site was often visited by governmental officials.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

A concrete plant.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Land attack missiles are used for earth dam inwashing.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Installation of a working wheel of the hydraulic turbine.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Earth dam consists of shallow sand and is located between the plant and the overflow dam. It is 2800 meters long and 600 meters wide.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Turbine room construction.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Divers participated in the construction process.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

At the same navigation locks were built on the other bank of the river.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Lock fragment.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Lower locks.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Upper locks.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Checking the way the power transmission line pole is fixed.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Concrete plant.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Building a boat bridge between the plant and earth dam.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The most important part of the work consisting in river damming started in 1955.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

In order to dam the bed of the river 1765 concrete pyramids were shifted down to the botton during 24 hours.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

It took just 19 hours and 35 minutes to realize the river damming.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Water passed through bottom discharges of the plant.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The reservoir was filling with water.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

With this meeting they celebrated successful river damming.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Water reservoir that was 600 km long was located upwards to the power plant. Its maximum width and depth is 40 km. It is the largest artificial water reservoir in the world.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

270 inhabited areas, 19 collective farms and 175 buildings suffered from flood. Villages included not into the flood area but into the area of the power plant construction had to be moved. In total, over 1600 houses, schools and hospitals were transferred to other places in 1953.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The ceremony of plant launch took place in August 1958.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Many prisoners participating in the construction were freed from imprisonment.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Shifting across the locks.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The first aggregate was launched on December 29, 1955.  On October 14, 1957 the plant achieved its planned estimation capacity of 2100000 kWh a year.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Samara bay is the most beautiful construction in Russia. Below are pictures taken in 1959-1963.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The bay length is 5 km. Samara is the only city on the Volga bank where bays belong to recreational zones. Freeing the bank from industrial buildings began in 1930. Development of the old bay took place in 1952. The banks were decorated with wide alleys, numerous summer pavilions, cast fences, etc.  The place was abundant with flowers, sculptures and wide beaches.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Construction of the new bay occurred in 1958. It was located outside the GRES power plant and embraced three levers.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Ground works are impressive. Before the bay was built there were no sand here, only broken glass and timbers.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The famous house on the Volga avenue was built in a classical style favored by Stalin. The building plays an important role in the panoramic view of the Volga bay. Due to the steep bank relief the house alternates its floors from 4 to 7 and flanks the square where the administrative center of the city is located.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The front of the house made in the classical style has monumental proportions. The upper floors are almost deprived of any decor, the horizontal dynamics is well pronounced. The lower floors are separated with large shop-windows that underlie tectonics.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The young trees have just been planted.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The upgrading seems rather attractive. The wide bays are mere presents for citizens of those times. River transport is the most widely spread and cheap travel mode.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

The famous stairs are now covered with graffiti.

Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara

Volga Hotel construction.

Location: Samara

via samara-ru and oledjio

16 thoughts on “Old And Famous Construction Projects Of Samara”

  1. What a massive undertaking. I wonder how many people died during the construction of it all? This is a great post, thank you.

    Reply
  2. Astounding. They were building the future in those days. The Soviet attitude was that anything was possible. It all seems so heroic until you realize the scope of the slave labor involved.

    Reply
  3. Most Western (American) histories don’t give enough credit to N. Khrushchev for dismantling the Gulag system, ending Stalinist terror, releasing thousands of prisoners (amnesty), and you’ll note in the text, freeing prisoners who helped with construction projects. He wasn’t perfect but he also wasn’t the bully portrayed in many history textbooks. He effectively rehabilitated himself from the 1930s era when he was a hardcore Stalinist. And he led the Soviet Union into a Silver Age when the economy, technology, and science raced forward.

    Reply
  4. impressive and unique thinking,i did not know about history, but now after read your post,i know alot ,thanks,keep it up 🙂

    Reply

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