A fresh photo report from the Kursk Nuclear Power Plant.
Before entering the plant, all visitors must be measured for a general background. For this, they sit in a special chair and wait for several minutes. The same is done in the end of the excursion.
An alarm system with a set of sensors is hung all over the plant. To be short, the green light means that everything is fine. Yellow – be on the alert. Red – don’t panic and hurry up, just follow the rules and do what is prescribed.
All visitors are given a uniform. A camera and a passport are the only things that they are allowed to take with themselves.
RBMK-1000 which means “High Power Channel-type Reactor”.
A loading / unloading machine designed for refueling. The process can take place both in a shutdown reactor and when it’s running.
Before the accident at the Chernobyl NPP, the Soviet Union had ambitious plans for the construction of RBMK reactors, but after the accident, these plans were wound up. In total, only two reactors were put into operation: RBMK-1000 at the Smolensk NPP (1990) and RBMK-1500 at the Ignalina NPP (1987). The latter is fully decommissioned now. Another RBMK-1000 of the 5th unit of the Kursk NPP is nearing completion.
The central hall is designed to accommodate complex systems, transport and technological equipment and facilities for the assembly and storage of fresh fuel, the reloading and storage of spent fuel, the repair and replacement of the reactor equipment.
Each central hall has two swimming pools containing spent nuclear fuel. The pools are filled with water to cool the fuel and to provide the personnel with biological protection. This is a traditional shot of a fuel rod glowing underwater.
The roof of the swimming pool.
One of the numerous control rooms.
A controller’s room.
Each power unit of the Kursk NPP is equipped with two turbines with generators of 500 MW each.
A huge engine room common for all the four units.
A mushroom glade – electric motors for the automatic activation of various valves.
Photographing is only allowed in the halls and rooms. Before passing through the corridors, visitors are asked to close the lens caps. If someone doesn’t have the one or uses a simple hand-held camera, a security guard takes it away and gives back only in the next room where it’s allowed to shoot.
A modular control panel.
A guide can speak about the plant for hours.
One of the corridors with the lockers containing personal dosimeters.
The exit. “Everybody is clean” says the green signal.
A pool with sprayers against a background of power units. It’s used for cooling the water that circulates in the cooling system of diesel engines. To prevent is from becoming overgrown, one breeds fish there.
Power unit number 5 is a unit of the third generation with the most sophisticated nuclear and physical characteristics, equipped with robust management and protection systems. Its construction began on December 1, 1985 but in the middle of 2000 it was stopped even despite the fact that the unit was almost finished.
In March of 2011, it became known that the completion of the 5th unit of the Kursk NPP may require 3.5 years and 45 billion rubles (about $ 1.6 billion), and that the final decision of whether to continue its construction or not will be adopted in 2012.
One of the diesel engines for emergency power supply.
TUK-109 intended for the storage and transportation of spent nuclear fuel.
A special device of a crane for operating with containers.
A training modular control panel.
A complete analogue of one of the control rooms at the plant.
Instructors act out the Fukushima scenario (the total loss of electricity) and cope with occurring problems.